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      Odontomachus davidsoni sp. nov. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), a new conspicuous trap-jaw ant from Ecuador

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          Abstract

          One of the largest species in its genus, Odontomachus davidsoni Hoenle, Lattke & Donoso, sp. nov. is described from workers and queens collected at lowland forests in the Chocó-Darién bioregion in coastal Ecuador. The workers are characterized by their uniform red coloration, their large size (16–18 mm body length), and their frontal head striation that reaches the occipital margin. DNA barcodes (COI) and high resolution 2D images of the type material are provided, as well as an updated key for the Neotropical species of Odontomachus . In addition, a three-dimensional digital model of the worker holotype and a paratype queen scanned with DISC3D based on photogrammetry is presented, for the first time in a species description. Findings of large and conspicuous new species are uncommon around the world and suggest that these Ecuadorian rainforests may conceal many more natural treasures that deserve conservation.

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          Resumen

          Describimos una especie nueva, entre las más grandes conocidas del género Odontomachus . La nueva especie, Odontomachus davidsoni Hoenle, Lattke & Donoso, sp. nov., es descrita a partir de obreras y reinas recolectadas en bosques de tierras bajas en la bioregión Chocó-Darién de la costa del Ecuador. Las obreras se caracterizan por su coloración rojiza uniforme, su grande tamaño (largo del cuerpo 16–18 mm), y la estriación del frente cefálico que alcanza el margen occipital. Proveemos códigos de barras de DNA (COI) e imágenes 2D de alta resolución para el material tipo y así como una guía de identificación actualizada para las especies neotropicales del género Odontomachus . Por primera vez en una descripción de especies, se proveen imágenes 3D de un escáner fotogramétrico DISC3D. Los hallazgos de especies grandes y conspicuas son poco comunes alrededor del mundo y sugieren que estos bosques lluviosos ecuatorianos pueden contener muchos más tesoros naturales que merecen ser conservados.

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          Most cited references 33

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          The Global 200: A Representation Approach to Conserving the Earth's Most Biologically Valuable Ecoregions

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            A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean

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              Micro-computed tomography: Introducing new dimensions to taxonomy

              Abstract Continuous improvements in the resolution of three-dimensional imaging have led to an increased application of these techniques in conventional taxonomic research in recent years. Coupled with an ever increasing research effort in cybertaxonomy, three-dimensional imaging could give a boost to the development of virtual specimen collections, allowing rapid and simultaneous access to accurate virtual representations of type material. This paper explores the potential of micro-computed tomography (X-ray micro-tomography), a non-destructive three-dimensional imaging technique based on mapping X-ray attenuation in the scanned object, for supporting research in systematics and taxonomy. The subsequent use of these data as virtual type material, so-called “cybertypes”, and the creation of virtual collections lie at the core of this potential. Sample preparation, image acquisition, data processing and presentation of results are demonstrated using polychaetes (bristle worms), a representative taxon of macro-invertebrates, as a study object. Effects of the technique on the morphological, anatomical and molecular identity of the specimens are investigated. The paper evaluates the results and discusses the potential and the limitations of the technique for creating cybertypes. It also discusses the challenges that the community might face to establish virtual collections. Potential future applications of three-dimensional information in taxonomic research are outlined, including an outlook to new ways of producing, disseminating and publishing taxonomic information.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2020
                13 July 2020
                : 948
                : 75-105
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Ecological Networks, Department of Biology, Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
                [2 ] Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
                [3 ] Departamento de Biología, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito, Ecuador
                [4 ] Centro de Investigación de la Biodiversidad y Cambio Climático, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Quito EC170103, Ecuador
                [5 ] Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
                [6 ] Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia,Vancouver, Canada
                [7 ] University of Applied Sciences, Darmstadt, Germany
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Philipp Hoenle ( philipp.hoenle92@ 123456gmail.com ); John Lattke ( piquihuye@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: Brian Lee Fisher

                Article
                48701
                10.3897/zookeys.948.48701
                7381719
                Philipp Hoenle, John Edwin Lattke, David Donoso, Christoph von Beeren, Michael Heethoff, Sebastian Schmelzle, Adriana Argoti, Luis Camacho, Bernhard Ströbel, Nico Blüthgen

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Formicidae
                Hymenoptera
                Genetics
                Nomenclature
                Taxonomy
                Ecuador

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