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      LA EXPLOTACIÓN DEL ALFAR DE LA TROYA EN EL TIEMPO: CASUALIDAD O MEMORIA (DEPARTAMENTO TINOGASTA, CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA) Translated title: THE EXPLOITATION OF CERAMIC RAW MATERIAL OF LA TROYA ALONG TIME: CHANCE OR MEMORY (TINOGASTA DEPARTMENT, CATAMARCA, ARGENTINA)

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          Abstract

          La oralidad es el mecanismo principal de transmisión de conocimientos y creencias en las sociedades tradicionales donde la memoria cumple un papel destacado. Diferentes investigaciones llevadas a cabo en la región de los Andes demostraron que diversas prácticas culturales son mantenidas a través de la memoria social. En este trabajo se presentan y discuten los resultados del análisis por activación neutrónica realizados sobre tiestos y depósitos arcillosos, los que establecen que el alfar de La Troya, localizado en el Bolsón de Fiambalá, fue explotado para la manufactura de artefactos cerámicos que abastecieron a las instalaciones puneñas y otras localizadas en la amplia cuenca del Abaucán (Departamento Tinogasta, Catamarca, Argentina) desde las sociedades Formativas hasta el arribo de los Inkas a la región. Con base en esos resultados pensamos que la explotación y apropiación en el tiempo de un mismo alfar no es casualidad sino que obedece a la memoria que reproduce la práctica social en el tiempo. Asimismo, evaluamos los datos arqueológicos y analíticos obtenidos para comprender el proceso propio de desarrollo cultural del valle de Abaucán y su relación con el área puneña meridional

          Translated abstract

          Oral tradition is an important mechanism for transmission of knowledge and belief in prehistoric societies where memory has an outstanding role. Different investigations carried out in the Andean region have demonstrated that diverse cultural practices are maintained through social memory. We present and discusses the results from a neutron activation analysis of potsherds and clay deposits which demonstrate that clay raw material from La Troya, located at the Bolsón de Fiambalá, was used for the manufacture of ceramic artifacts. These artifacts supplied Puna instalations as well as others at the Abaucán basin (Tinogasta Department, Catamarca, Argentina) from the Formative epoch to the Inka arrival in the region. Based on these results, we think that exploitation and appropriation of the same clay for a long period of time is not fortuitous, but rather is the consequence of a long process of social memory reproduction

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          Community with the ancestors: ceremonies and social memory in the Middle Formative at Chiripa, Bolivia

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            The Provincial Organization of Inka Ceramic Production

            The Inka empire was supported by goods and services provided by both generalized and specialized labor. To gain insight into how goods were produced and distributed in the imperial economy, 173 sherds from Cuzco, Lake Titicaca, the upper Mantaro Valley, and Tarma were analyzed (INAA) for materials composition. Results show that production and consumption of Inka ceramics were focused within regions, although two plates probably made in Cuzco were among the Titicaca and Mantaro samples. Inka ceramics from the upper Mantaro were made from at least two sources of raw materials, both distinct from those used in local Wanka ceramics. Evidence suggests that the Inka provincial capital (Hatun Xauxa) and two Wanka towns obtained most of their Inka pots from either one or the other source. These results imply that the state controlled production of its ceramics regionally, starting at the source of the raw materials, and distributed the products of separate sources selectively.
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              Material Meanings: Critical Approaches to the Interpretation of Material Culture

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                chungara
                Chungará (Arica)
                Chungará (Arica)
                Universidad de Tarapacá. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas. Departamento de Antropología (Arica, , Chile )
                0717-7356
                July 2004
                : 36
                : 2
                : 351-363
                Affiliations
                [03] Buenos Aires orgnameComisión Nacional de Energía Atómica orgdiv1Técnicas Analíticas Nucleares Argentina
                [01] Buenos Aires orgnameMuseo Etnográfico Juan B. Ambrosetti Argentina
                [02] S. F. del V. de Catamarca orgnameUniversidad de Catamarca orgdiv1Escuela de Arqueología Argentina
                Article
                S0717-73562004000200009 S0717-7356(04)03600200009
                10.4067/S0717-73562004000200009
                ee51fe8b-22c9-447b-922f-89040b21e5b7

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                History
                : February 2004
                : August 2004
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 13
                Product

                SciELO Chile

                Categories
                Arqueología

                Inka,memoria social,período Formativo,explotación de arcillas,neutron activation analysis,social memory,Formative period,exploitation of clay,activación neutrónica

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