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      The West Palaearctic genera of Nematinae (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae)

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          Keys to adults and larvae of the genera of West Palaearctic nematine sawflies are presented. Species of some of the smaller genera are keyed, and their taxonomy, distribution, and host plants reviewed, with a geographic focus on north-western Europe, particularly Sweden. Dinematus Lacourt, 2006 is a new junior subjective synonym of Pristiphora Latreille, 1810, resulting in the new combination Pristiphora krausi (Lacourt, 2006) for the type species of Dinematus . Hemichroa monticola Ermolenko, 1960 is a new junior subjective synonym of Hemichroa australis (Serville, 1823). Lectotypes are designated for Tenthredo opaca Fabricius, 1775, Mesoneura opaca var. nigerrima Enslin, 1914, Mesoneura opaca var. obscuriventris Enslin, 1914, Nematus hypogastricus Hartig, 1837, Nematus alnivorus Hartig, 1840, Leptopus rufipes Förster, 1854, Nematus protensus Förster, 1854, and Platycampus luridiventris var. pleuritica Enslin, 1915. A phylogenetic analysis based on four genes (mitochondrial COI and nuclear NaK, POL2, and TPI) supports the current generic classification.

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          Most cited references 135

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          An inexpensive, automation-friendly protocol for recovering high-quality DNA

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            Systema entomologiae : sistens insectorvm classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibvs, observationibvs / Io. Christ. Fabricii.

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              World Catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera)

              The first complete World Catalog of sawflies (Hymenoptera, suborder Symphyta) for over 100 years is presented. It contains references to the original descriptions and provides brief distributional data for 803 genera, 8353 species (123 with two or more subspecies) and 161 subspecies in addition to the nominal subspecies. 15245 proposed names are treated, including replacement names, infrasubspecific names and nomina nuda, of which only 22 could not be checked in the original publications. Current taxonomic placement of genera and species and occurrence in zoogeographic regions are indicated. The list of names contains 31245 name combinations, variant spellings and family-group names. The authors attempted to consult all publications with taxonomic content referring to Symphyta that have appeared up to 31.12.2009. The 2960 cited references include all those that are known to contain original descriptions of taxa. Short biographical data and portraits of 168 symphytologists as well as images of representatives of extant sawfly taxa are included.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35BB1D5CE89668537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                16 September 2019
                : 875
                : 63-127
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalder Str. 90, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut Müncheberg Germany
                [2 ] Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014 Tartu, Estonia University of Tartu Tartu Estonia
                [3 ] Parc Majorelle, 33 chemin du Ramelet-Moundi, bât. C, apt. 16, 31100 Toulouse, France Unaffiliated Toulouse France
                [4 ] Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden Swedish Museum of Natural History Stockholm Sweden
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Marko Prous ( marko.prous@ 123456senckenberg.de )

                Academic editor: Stephan M. Blank

                Article
                35748
                10.3897/zookeys.875.35748
                6760214
                Marko Prous, Andrew Liston, Katja Kramp, Henri Savina, Hege Vårdal, Andreas Taeger

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Swedish Taxonomy Initiative
                Categories
                Research Article
                Tenthredinidae
                Faunistics & Distribution
                Identification key
                Molecular systematics
                Nomenclature
                Phylogeny
                Systematics
                Taxonomy
                Cenozoic
                Europe

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