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      Auditory Brainstem Responses in Thyroid Diseases before and after Therapy

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          Abstract

          The aim of this study was to evaluate through the auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) the electrical events generated along the auditory pathway in 56 adult patients affected with hyper- and hypothyroidism. Twenty-four normal-hearing hyperthyroid patients affected with Graves’ disease and 32 normal-hearing hypothyroid patients (9 with subclinical and 23 with overt hypothyroidism) were subjected to standard (clicks at 21 pps) and sensitized ABR with masking wide-band (masking noise). In addition, thyroid scintiscan and ultrasonography, free T<sub>3</sub> and T<sub>4</sub>, total T<sub>3</sub> and T<sub>4</sub>, TSH, antimicrosomal and antithyroglobulin antibodies, audiogram and impedance tests were performed in all the patients. This study was repeated after 6-12 months of treatment in conditions of euthyroidism. The results showed changes of ABRs both in the standard procedure as well as in the sensitized test in 6 hyperthyroid (25%) and 8 hypothyroid patients (25%). All the patients with abnormal ABRs had overt hypothyroidism (8/23; 34,7%). The ABRs became normal in 5 out of 6 Graves’ patients after 6-12 months of methimazole treatment. ABRs remained abnormal in all the hypothyroid patients despite their having been on L-thyroxine treatment for 6-12 months and were euthyroid for at least 5 months before the study was repeated. These findings suggest that ABR abnormalities are indicative only of a nonspecific injury in the bulbo-ponto-mesencephalic centers. Alterations of ABRs in thyroid diseases are not specific in relation to hyper- or hypothyroidism. Lastly, there is a relationship between ABR abnormalities and the degree of hypothyroidism, even if ABR alterations are not always reversible after long-term therapy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1995
          1995
          05 December 2008
          : 43
          : 5
          : 200-205
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Medical-Surgical Endocrinology and dChair of Otorhinolaryngology, University ‘Federico IF School of Medicine; bDivision of Neurosurgery and cUnit of lmmunological and Endocrinological Oncology, Division of Oncology, Cardarelli Hospital-USL 40, Naples, Italy
          Article
          184278 Horm Res 1995;43:200–205
          10.1159/000184278
          7782050
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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