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      GW170104: Observation of a 50-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence at Redshift 0.2

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          Abstract

          We describe the observation of GW170104, a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of a pair of stellar-mass black holes. The signal was measured on January 4, 2017 at 10:11:58.6 UTC by the twin advanced detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory during their second observing run, with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a false alarm rate less than 1 in 70,000 years. The inferred component black hole masses are \(31.2^{+8.4}_{-6.0}\,M_\odot\) and \(19.4^{+5.3}_{-5.9}\,M_\odot\) (at the 90% credible level). The black hole spins are best constrained through measurement of the effective inspiral spin parameter, a mass-weighted combination of the spin components perpendicular to the orbital plane, \(\chi_\mathrm{eff} = -0.12^{+0.21}_{-0.30}.\) This result implies that spin configurations with both component spins positively aligned with the orbital angular momentum are disfavored. The source luminosity distance is \(880^{+450}_{-390}~\mathrm{Mpc}\) corresponding to a redshift of \(z = 0.18^{+0.08}_{-0.07}\). We constrain the magnitude of modifications to the gravitational-wave dispersion relation and perform null tests of general relativity. Assuming that gravitons are dispersed in vacuum like massive particles, we bound the graviton mass to \(m_g \le 7.7 \times 10^{-23}~\mathrm{eV}/c^2\). In all cases, we find that GW170104 is consistent with general relativity.

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          Most cited references 48

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          Determining the Hubble constant from gravitational wave observations

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            Quantum Gravity at a Lifshitz Point

             Petr Horava (2009)
            We present a candidate quantum field theory of gravity with dynamical critical exponent equal to z=3 in the UV. (As in condensed matter systems, z measures the degree of anisotropy between space and time.) This theory, which at short distances describes interacting nonrelativistic gravitons, is power-counting renormalizable in 3+1 dimensions. When restricted to satisfy the condition of detailed balance, this theory is intimately related to topologically massive gravity in three dimensions, and the geometry of the Cotton tensor. At long distances, this theory flows naturally to the relativistic value z=1, and could therefore serve as a possible candidate for a UV completion of Einstein's general relativity or an infrared modification thereof. The effective speed of light, the Newton constant and the cosmological constant all emerge from relevant deformations of the deeply nonrelativistic z=3 theory at short distances.
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              Spin-induced orbital precession and its modulation of the gravitational waveforms from merging binaries

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                2017-06-06
                1706.01812 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.221101

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Custom metadata
                LIGO-P170104
                Phys. Rev. Lett., 118(22):221101, 2017
                28 pages including Supplemental Material, 15 Figures, 5 Tables
                gr-qc astro-ph.HE
                Lvc Publications

                General relativity & Quantum cosmology

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