0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Somatostatin Receptors in Brain and Pituitary

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Somatostatin (SRIF) actions in the brain and pituitary are mediated by specific receptors. Using radioiodinated ligands it has been possible to characterize the kinetics of specific binding sites in the brain and pituitary, and to determine their cellular localization by autoradiography. At the pituitary level, the inhibition of growth hormone, prolactin and thyrotropin secretions induced by SRIF is mediated through a single binding site which is coupled to the inhibition of adenylate cyclase. In the brain, SRIF receptors are localized on neurons and glial cells and are also coupled to adenylate cyclase inhibition. Two sites are differentiated in the brain with an analogue of somatostatin, SMS 201995. In humans, SRIF-binding sites have been related to a number of pathologies. At the pituitary level, it has been shown that the number of binding sites was negatively correlated to growth hormone levels in acromegaly. Furthermore, SRIF-binding sites were undetectable in a patient which did not respond to SMS 201995 therapy. In the brain, meningiomas and gliomas are rich in SRIF binding sites. This suggests a possible role for SRIF on glia. In neuro-degenerative diseases, cortical SRIF concentrations are decreased in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease associated with dementia while SRIF-binding sites are only affected in Alzheimer’s disease. In conclusion, the physiological role of SRIF in the brain and pituitary can be evaluated by studying the receptors of the peptide. Such studies allow to question the implication of SRIF in endocrine and neuropathologies.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5037-6
          978-3-318-01982-7
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1989
          1989
          28 November 2008
          : 31
          : 1-2
          : 45-50
          Affiliations
          aU 159, bU 289 et cU 223, INSERM, Paris, France; dLaboratoire de Neuroanatomie, Institut Neurologique de Montréal, Canada
          Article
          181085 Horm Res 1989;31:45–50
          10.1159/000181085
          2566573
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Neuroendocrinology 1988

          Comments

          Comment on this article