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      A Meta-Analysis of the Long-Term Effects of Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, and Reading Comprehension Interventions

      Journal of Learning Disabilities
      SAGE Publications

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          Abstract

          Much is known about short-term--but very little about the long-term--effects of reading interventions. To rectify this, a detailed analysis of follow-up effects as a function of intervention, sample, and methodological variables was conducted. A total of 71 intervention-control groups were selected (N = 8,161 at posttest) from studies reporting posttest and follow-up data (M = 11.17 months) for previously established reading interventions. The posttest effect sizes indicated effects (dw = 0.37) that decreased to follow-up (dw = 0.22). Overall, comprehension and phonemic awareness interventions showed good maintenance of effect that transferred to nontargeted skills, whereas phonics and fluency interventions, and those for preschool and kindergarten children, tended not to. Several methodological features also related to effect sizes at follow-up, namely experimental design and dosage, and sample attrition, risk status, and gender balance.

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          Most cited references75

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          Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches.

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            Components of fostering self-regulated learning among students. A meta-analysis on intervention studies at primary and secondary school level

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              Systematic Phonics Instruction Helps Students Learn to Read: Evidence from the National Reading Panel's Meta-Analysis

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Learning Disabilities
                J Learn Disabil
                SAGE Publications
                0022-2194
                1538-4780
                February 18 2014
                April 04 2014
                : 49
                : 1
                : 77-96
                Article
                10.1177/0022219414528540
                24704662
                eeb39b3d-b23a-4ce4-9d72-a270824e092c
                © 2014
                History

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