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      A review of the Indonesian species of the family Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea), with description of three new species

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The Indonesian species of the family Signiphoridae ( Hymenoptera , Chalcidoidea ) are revised. Three species of Chartocerus are described as new ( Chartocerus kartiniae Polaszek & Schmidt, sp. nov., C. sumatrensis Schmidt & Polaszek, sp. nov., and C. javensis Schmidt & Ubaidillah, sp. nov.) and four species of Signiphora , viz., S. bennetti Woolley & Dal Molin, S. flavella Girault, S. perpauca Girault and S. bifasciata Ashmead, are diagnosed.

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          Most cited references 11

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          An inexpensive, automation-friendly protocol for recovering high-quality DNA

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            Collecting and preserving chalcid wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)

             John S. Noyes (2007)
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              Phylogeny and classification of the Signiphoridae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)

              Abstract. A data set consisting of twenty‐eight anatomical characters scored for twenty‐eight terminal taxa representing the world fauna of Signiphoridae was analysed using parsimony and compatibility methods. The Coccophaginae (Aphelinidae) and the Azotinae (Aphelinidae) were used as outgroups to establish polarity of character state changes. Relationships of Signiphoridae to other Chalcidoidea are discussed. Several multistate characters were treated in the parsimony analyses either as unordered or as ordered into transformation series using additive binary coding, which in some cases drastically reduced the number of equally parsimonious solutions. Monophyly of Signiphoridae is supported by seven synapomorphies. Four genera, Chartocerus, Thysanus, Clytina and Signiphora, are recognized within Signiphoridae based on synapomorphies. Rozanoviella syn.n. and Kerrichiella syn.n. are synonymized under Signiphora. Species of Signiphora are further assigned to four species groups, three of which are demonstrably monophyletic. Nine species or subspecies are transferred to Chartocerus from Signiphora (australicus comb.n., australiensis comb.n., australiensis orbiculatus comb.n., beethoveni comb.n., corvinus comb.n., funeralis comb.n., reticulata comb.n., ruskini comb.n., thusanoides comb.n.), one species to Thysanus from Signiphora (melancholicus comb.n.), and one species to Signiphora from Kerrichiella (coleoptratus comb.n.). A key to genera of Signiphoridae and species groups of Signiphora is presented. A diagnosis, relevant nomenclatural history, and a list of included species are given for each genus and species group, and the biology and distribution of each is summarized.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048D35-BB1D-5CE8-9668-537E44BD4C7E
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                09 December 2019
                : 897
                : 29-47
                Affiliations
                [1 ] SNSB-Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM), Münchhausenstr. 21, 81247 Munich, Germany Zoologische Staatssammlung München Munich Germany
                [2 ] Fakulty of Agriculture, Andalas University, Padang 25163, Sumatera, Indonesia Andalas University Padang Indonesia
                [3 ] Zoology Division, Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB), Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor KM 46, Cibinong, Bogor 16911, Java, Indonesia Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Cibinong Indonesia
                [4 ] School of Biosciences, The University of Melbourne, Bio21 Institute, 30 Flemington Road, Parkville VIC 3052, Australia The University of Melbourne Parkville Australia
                [5 ] Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, UK Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum London United Kingdom
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Stefan Schmidt ( stefan.schmidt@ 123456snsb.de )

                Academic editor: T. Dörfel

                Article
                38148
                10.3897/zookeys.897.38148
                6914708
                Stefan Schmidt, Hasmiandy Hamid, Rosichon Ubaidillah, Samantha Ward, Andrew Polaszek

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                Funded by: Genome Canada 100008762 http://doi.org/10.13039/100008762
                Categories
                Research Article
                Signiphoridae
                Faunistics & Distribution
                Taxonomy
                Indonesia
                Java
                Sumatra

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