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      Analysis of the nature of spiritual pain in terminal patients and the resignification process through the relaxation, mental images and spirituality (RIME) intervention Translated title: Análisis de la naturaleza del dolor espiritual presentado por pacientes terminales y el proceso de elaboración de un nuevo significado a través de la intervención de relajamiento, imágenes mentales y espiritualidad (RIME) Translated title: Análise da natureza da dor espiritual apresentada por pacientes terminais e o processo de sua re-significação através da intervenção relaxamento, imagens mentais e espiritualidade (RIME)

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          Abstract

          OBJECTIVE: To understand Spiritual Pain and the new meaning it takes on using the RIME intervention. Subjects and methods: Eleven terminally ill patients (n=11), treated at public hospitals, received care from six professionals trained for RIME application. The methods used were both qualitative, through phenomenology, and quantitative, based on the descriptive method, using the Wilcoxon Test. RESULTS: In the qualitative approach, six categories and eleven subcategories were found. The prevailing categories were: fear of dying by denying the severity of the clinical condition (n=5); fear of dying by realizing the severity of the clinical condition (n=5); fear of postmortem due to disintegration or feeling of non-existence, of being affectively forgotten (n=5). In the quantitative analysis, a statistically significant difference (p<0.0001) was noted. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that RIME promoted quality of life in the dying process, as well as more serenity and dignity in the face of death.

          Translated abstract

          OBJETIVO: Estudiar la naturaleza del Dolor Espiritual y el proceso de elaboración de un nuevo significado durante la aplicación de la Intervención RIME. Sujetos y métodos: Once pacientes terminales (n=11), tratados en hospitales públicos, por seis profesionales entrenados para aplicar la RIME. Los métodos utilizados fueron el cualitativo con base en la fenomenología y el cuantitativo, a través del descriptivo, utilizándose la Prueba Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: En el abordaje cualitativo fueron encontradas seis categorías y once subcategorías. Las categorías que prevalecieron fueron: miedo de la muerte por negación de la gravedad del cuadro clínico (n=5); miedo de la muerte por percepción de la gravedad del cuadro clínico (n=5); miedo de la post-muerte por el sentimiento de desintegración, de dejar de existir, de ser afectivamente olvidado (n=5). En el análisis cuantitativo se observó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p<0,0001). CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados sugirieron que la RIME promovió la calidad de vida en el proceso de morir, así como propició más serenidad y dignidad delante de la muerte.

          Translated abstract

          OBJETIVO: Estudar a natureza da Dor Espiritual e sua re-significação durante a aplicação da Intervenção RIME. Sujeitos e métodos: Onze pacientes terminais (n=11), tratados em hospitais públicos, por seis profissionais treinados para aplicar a RIME. Os métodos utilizados foram o qualitativo com base na fenomenologia e o quantitativo, através do descritivo, utilizando-se o Teste Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: Na abordagem qualitativa foram encontradas seis categorias e onze subcategorias. As categorias prevalentes foram: medo da morte por negação da gravidade do quadro clínico (n=5); medo da morte por percepção da gravidade do quadro clínico (n=5); medo do pós-morte pelo sentimento de desintegração, de inexistir, de ser afetivamente esquecido (n=5). Na análise quantitativa observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p<0,0001). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados sugeriram que a RIME promoveu qualidade de vida no processo de morrer, assim como mais serenidade e dignidade perante a morte.

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          Dissociation in people who have near-death experiences: out of their bodies or out of their minds?

           Bruce Greyson (2000)
          Some people who come close to death report having experiences in which they transcend the boundaries of the ego and the confines of time and space. Such near-death experiences (NDEs) share some features with the phenomenon of dissociation, in which a person's self identity becomes detached from bodily sensation. This study explored the frequency of dissociative symptoms in people who had come close to death. 96 individuals who had had self-reported NDEs, and 38 individuals who had come close to death but who had not had NDEs completed a mailed questionnaire that included a measure of "depth" of near-death experience (the NDE scale) and a measure of dissociative symptoms (the Dissociative Experiences Scale). Median scores in the two groups were compared with Mann-Whitney U tests. The association between depth of NDE and dissociative symptoms was tested by Spearman's rank-order correlation between scores on the NDE scale and the dissociative experiences scale. People who reported NDEs also reported significantly more dissociative symptoms than did the comparison group. Among those who reported NDEs, the depth of the experience was positively correlated with dissociative symptoms, although the level of symptoms was substantially lower than that of patients with pathological dissociative disorders. The pattern of dissociative symptoms reported by people who have had NDEs is consistent with a non-pathological dissociative response to stress, and not with a psychiatric disorder. A greater understanding of the mechanism of dissociation may shed further light on near-death and other mystical or transcendental experiences.
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              Resignificação da dor simbólica da morte: relaxamento mental, imagens mentais e espiritualidade

              Este artigo relata, dentro de uma abordagem qualitativa, o atendimento psicológico oferecido a quatro crianças e três adolescentes com câncer, fora de possibilidade de cura, desenvolvido através da integração das técnicas de relaxamento mental e visualização de imagens mentais com os elementos que descrevem a natureza da espiritualidade, dentro das premissas de uma psicoterapia breve de apoio. Através dos casos relatados, concluímos que essa forma de atendimento ao paciente terminal resignifica a dor simbólica da morte e proporciona qualidade de vida no processo de morrer e morte serena e digna.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rlae
                Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
                Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem
                Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
                1518-8345
                December 2008
                : 16
                : 6
                : 959-965
                S0104-11692008000600004

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO RevOdonto
                Categories
                NURSING

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