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      The role of TNF alpha in adipocyte metabolism.

      Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
      Adipocytes, cytology, metabolism, Animals, Apoptosis, Cell Differentiation, physiology, Humans, Insulin Resistance, Leptin, Ligands, Lipid Metabolism, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, biosynthesis, Protein Biosynthesis, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

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          Abstract

          Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) is a multifunctional cytokine which exerts a myriad of biological actions in different tissues and species. Many of these actions can perturb the normal regulation of energy metabolism. In adipose tissue, in particular, TNF alpha has been demonstrated to regulate or interfere with adipocyte metabolism at numerous sites including transcriptional regulation, glucose and fatty acid metabolism and hormone receptor signaling. The implications of these perturbations in disease states and the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms utilised by TNF alpha are discussed herein.

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