Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of inflammation in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). This study intends to evaluate the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and the newly established marker of lipid peroxidation, d-ROMs (reactive oxygen metabolites), in comparison with different indicators of oxidative stress. Plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC), lipid peroxidation products malonaldehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxyalkenals, as well as d-ROMs, were determined in 24 patients before HD and in 21 normal controls (NC). It was found that HD patients had higher levels of d-ROMs than NC (p = 0.033). A highly significant positive correlation was observed between logCRP and d-ROMs concentrations (p < 0.0001, r = 0.85) in patients, but not in NC. The concentrations of TAC and MDA were not associated with CRP in HD or in NC individuals. It is concluded that d-ROMs concentration is a potent marker of oxidative injury that is strongly indicative of the inflammatory status in HD patients.