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      MiR-29a function as tumor suppressor in cervical cancer by targeting SIRT1 and predict patient prognosis

      1 , 2 , 3 , 1

      OncoTargets and therapy

      Dove

      miR-29a, cervical cancer, SIRT1, tumor suppressor, EMT

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          Cervical cancer is the second most frequently malignant tumors in females and metastasis is a challenge of the treatment of cervical cancer. MiR-29a is usually low expressed in several tumors and its functions in cervical cancer remain unclear.

          Patients and methods

          The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was employed to assess the expression of miR-29a and the Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1). Cell metastatic ability was assessed using Transwell and Western blot assays. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify that miR-29a targeted to the 3’-untranslated region (UTR) of SIRT1 mRNA.

          Results

          MiR-29a was low expressed in cervical cancer and downregulation of miR-29a was associated with poor outcome. MiR-29a regulated the expression of SIRT1 by targeting to its 3’-UTR of mRNA in HeLa cells. SIRT1 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cells in comparison with the non-tumor tissues and normal cells. Upregulation of SIRT1 predicted worse outcome of cervical cancer patients. MiR-29a was participated in the migration, invasion and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cervical cancer through directly targeting to the 3’-UTR of SIRT1 mRNA. SIRT1 reversed partial roles of miR-29a on metastasis in cervical cancer.

          Conclusion

          miR-29a suppressed migration, invasion and EMT by directly targeting to SIRT1 in cervical cancer. The newly identified miR-29a/SIRT1 axis provides novel insight into the pathogenesis of cervical cancer.

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          Most cited references 32

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          Significance of lymph node ratio in defining risk category in node-positive early stage cervical cancer.

          The ratio of positive to negative lymph nodes, or lymph node ratio (LNR), is an important prognostic factor in several solid tumors. The objective of this study was to determine if LNR can be used to define a high-risk category of patients with node-positive early stage cervical cancer.
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            miR-29a-3p suppresses cell proliferation and migration by downregulating IGF1R in hepatocellular carcinoma

            Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary tumor of the liver, has a poor prognosis and rapid progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) is a transmembrane heterotetrameric protein that has been reported to promote transformation to malignancy and cancer cell proliferation and survival. In this study, we found that the expression of miR-29a-3p was downregulated in HCC patients, resulting in poor survival rates. Contrastingly, the overexpression of miR-29a-3p significantly inhibited proliferation and migration in HepG2 cells. miR-29a-3p directly targeted IGF1R and down-regulated its expression. Moreover, knockdown of IGF1R led to the increased production of chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5). In tumor lesions, the local expression of CCL5 negatively affected the expression of IGF1R. Transwell analysis showed that CCL5 was important for the chemotactic movement of CD8+ T lymphocytes. The expression of CCL5 in HCC tissues positively correlated with the expression of CD8+ T lymphocyte surface marker, CD8. Patients with high CCL5 expression exhibited better survival. Our results revealed that miR-29a-3p is a tumor suppressor gene that acts by directly repressing the oncogene IGF1R, which takes part in immunoregulation in tumor microenvironments in HCC, implying that miR-29a-3p could be a potential target for HCC treatment.
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              MicroRNAs and long non-coding RNAs: prospects in diagnostics and therapy of cancer

              Background Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are key regulatory molecules in cellular processes, and are potential biomarkers in many diseases. Currently, microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs are being pursued as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, and as therapeutic tools in cancer, since their expression profiling is able to distinguish different cancer types and classify their sub-types. Conclusions There are numerous studies confirming involvement of ncRNAs in cancer initiation, development and progression, but have only been recently identified as new diagnostic and prognostic tools. This can be beneficial in future medical cancer treatment options, since ncRNAs are natural antisense interactors included in regulation of many genes connected to survival and proliferation. Research is directed in development of useful markers for diagnosis and prognosis in cancer and in developing new RNA-based cancer therapies, of which some are already in clinical trials.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Onco Targets Ther
                Onco Targets Ther
                OTT
                ott
                OncoTargets and therapy
                Dove
                1178-6930
                26 August 2019
                2019
                : 12
                : 6917-6925
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Gynaecology, Shengli Oil Centre Hospital , Dongying, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Department of Joint Surgery, Shengli Oil Center Hospital , Dongying, People’s Republic of China
                [3 ]Department of Gynecology, Dongying District People’s Hospital , Dongying, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Qiang Li Department of Gynaecology, Shengli Oil Centre Hospital , No. 31 Jinan Road, Dongying District, Dongying District257000, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86 158 8997 7885Email rllkumf@163.com
                Article
                218043
                10.2147/OTT.S218043
                6717154
                © 2019 Nan et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 5, References: 38, Pages: 9
                Categories
                Original Research

                Oncology & Radiotherapy

                mir-29a, cervical cancer, sirt1, tumor suppressor, emt

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