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      Where is the party? Explaining positions on same-sex marriage in Europe among would-be members of parliament

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          Abstract

          The rapid adoption of marriage equality legislation for non-heterosexual individuals in Europe is attributed to many factors, including dramatic shifts in public opinion, the work of transnational activists and changing international norms. Usually, these factors must be filtered through the halls of parliaments where most policy change happens. Given the importance of parliamentarians’ attitudes, it is surprising that we know so little about how attitudes towards same-sex marriage are distributed across political candidates in Europe and what factors shape them. This article fills that gap by using an underutilised dataset on the political preferences of candidates for parliamentary office. We find that beyond attachment to party families, a candidate’s religiosity and practice has a greater effect on a would-be Member of Parliament’s attitudes towards same-sex marriage. The findings suggest that the success of parliamentary action on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights depends not on the partisan composition of the legislature, but rather on the representation of secular candidates.

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          Most cited references41

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          Beliefs About the Origins of Homosexuality and Support For Gay Rights: An Empirical Test of Attribution Theory

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            Education-based group identity and consciousness in the authoritarian-libertarian value conflict

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              With Arms Wide Shut: Threat Perception, Norm Reception, and Mobilized Resistance to LGBT Rights

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                European Journal of Politics and Gender
                Bristol University Press
                2515-1088
                2515-1096
                February 2022
                February 2022
                : 5
                : 1
                : 83-108
                Affiliations
                [1 ]San Francisco State University, USA
                [2 ]University of Southampton, UK
                [3 ]Independent Scholar, USA
                Article
                10.1332/251510821X16267702086451
                ef809631-f7d0-4c01-83e6-f2873334a5fb
                © 2022
                History

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