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      Breast cancer risk reduction and counseling: lifestyle, chemoprevention, and surgery.

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      Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN

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          Abstract

          Qualitative and quantitative approaches to risk assessment are useful for identifying women at increased risk for developing breast cancer for whom genetics consultation, individualized surveillance recommendations, or chemoprevention may be appropriate. A comprehensive medical and family history review can be used to stratify women into categories of breast cancer risk. A quantitative estimate of the probability of developing breast cancer can be determined using risk assessment tools, such as the Gail and Claus models. Women at increased risk for breast cancer may benefit from individualized approaches to breast cancer risk reduction. Prevention strategies for reducing breast cancer risk include lifestyle modifications, chemoprevention, surgical approaches, and pharmacotherapy.

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          Author and article information

          Affiliations
          [1 ] Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York, USA. Martin.Mahoney@RoswellPark.org
          Journal
          J Natl Compr Canc Netw
          Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN
          1540-1405
          1540-1405
          Sep 2007
          : 5
          : 8
          17927927

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