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      Advances in the prevention of oral disease; the role of the International Association for Dental Research

      , 1 , 2

      BMC Oral Health

      BioMed Central

      Prevention in practice - making it happen

      2962014

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          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Abstract
          Background

          Since its foundation in 1920, prevention of oral disease has been a priority for the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) and the commitment of the organisation to the subject area is clearly expressed in its mission to improve oral health worldwide. The IADR has a current global membership of almost 11,000 people who share an interest in oral and craniofacial research.

          Contribution of IADR

          This paper provides an overview of the contribution of IADR to supporting research and associated activities in disease prevention, in disseminating knowledge and in advocating for better oral health for all citizens of the world. It looks back over time and summarises current supports. Two more recent initiatives in disease prevention are described in more detail, the Global Oral Health Inequalities Research Agenda (GOHIRA) and the proceedings at the 2013 World Conference on Preventive Dentistry (WCPD, 2013), a joint initiative between IADR and WHO.

          Through organisational structure, meetings, publications, scientific groups and networks and external relations, IADR has been at the forefront of advancing research for the prevention of oral diseases.

          Conclusions

          IADR is committed to ensuring research advances get disseminated and implemented and at the same time encourages and advocates for basic, clinical and translational research across disciplines so that we may uncover the major breakthrough in prevention of oral disease.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Fluoride varnish efficacy in preventing early childhood caries.

          To determine the efficacy of fluoride varnish (5% NaF, Duraphat, Colgate) added to caregiver counseling to prevent early childhood caries, we conducted a two-year randomized, dental-examiner-masked clinical trial. Initially, 376 caries-free children, from low-income Chinese or Hispanic San Francisco families, were enrolled (mean age +/- standard deviation, 1.8 +/- 0.6 yrs). All families received counseling, and children were randomized to the following groups: no fluoride varnish, fluoride varnish once/year, or fluoride varnish twice/year. An unexpected protocol deviation resulted in some children receiving less active fluoride varnish than assigned. Intent-to-treat analyses showed a fluoride varnish protective effect in caries incidence, p < 0.01. Analyzing the number of actual, active fluoride varnish applications received resulted in a dose-response effect, p < 0.01. Caries incidence was higher for 'counseling only' vs. 'counseling + fluoride varnish assigned once/year' (OR = 2.20, 95% CI 1.19-4.08) and 'twice/year' (OR = 3.77, 95% CI 1.88-7.58). No related adverse events were reported. Fluoride varnish added to caregiver counseling is efficacious in reducing early childhood caries incidence.
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            • Record: found
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            IADR Global Oral Health Inequalities Research Agenda (IADR-GOHIRA(R)): a call to action.

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              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Global oral health inequalities: the research agenda.

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ]School of Dentistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9LU, UK
                [2 ]Executive Director, International Association of Dental Research, 1619 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-3406 USA
                Contributors
                Conference
                BMC Oral Health
                BMC Oral Health
                BMC Oral Health
                BioMed Central
                1472-6831
                2015
                15 September 2015
                : 15
                : Suppl 1
                : S8
                26391001 4580836 1472-6831-15-S1-S8 10.1186/1472-6831-15-S1-S8
                Copyright © 2015 Whelton and Fox

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                Prevention in practice - making it happen
                Cape Town, South Africa
                2962014
                Categories
                Proceedings

                Dentistry

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