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      Measuring Parenting Dimensions in Middle Childhood : Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis of Child, Mother, and Father Ratings


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          Questionnaire ratings were used to obtain child, mother, and father ratings on three major parenting dimensions (behavioral control, psychological control, and support) in a sample of 600 children aged 8-to-10 years old. Results indicated that mothers, fathers, and children were able to reliably differentiate between the three parenting dimensions by means of questionnaire ratings. Convergent and discriminant validity were tested by analyzing a multitrait-multimethod matrix via confirmatory factor analysis. Convergence between mothers and fathers was satisfactory, while convergence between child and parents was significant, but fairly low. Discriminant validity was sufficiently supported, whereas informant-specific error was related to both child and father ratings. Criterion validity of the parenting dimension with regard to child behavior was established. Overall, behavioral control and support were positively associated with child prosocial behavior, while psychological control was positively correlated with child conduct problems, and to a lesser extent with child internalizing problems. The nature and implications of these findings are discussed.

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          Most cited references 27

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          Dutch version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

          A Dutch translation of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was made. In the first wave of data collection, self-report data of 11- to 16-yearolds (N = 970) were collected on the SDQ and other measures of psychopathology. In the second wave of data collection, extended versions of the SDQ were completed by 11- to 16-year-olds (N = 268), by parents of 8- to 16-year-olds (N = 300) and by teachers of 8- to 12-year-olds (N = 208); in addition, the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) was completed by the parents and the Youth Self Report (YSR) by the 11- to 16-year-olds. The results reveal that the internal consistency of the teacher SDQ is good; and the parent and self-report SDQ are generally acceptable and comparable with the internal consistencies of CBCL/YSR. The mean inter-informant product-moment correlations of the SDQ scales were satisfactory (parent-teacher 0.38; teacher-self-report 0.27; parent-self-report 0.35) and comparable with the mean inter-informant correlations of the CBCL and YSR (0.34). The inter-informant rank correlations of the impact questions were also satisfactory (mean parent-teacher 0.48; mean parent-self-report 0.24). Concurrent validity with the other measures of psychopathology used in the present study was good.
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            Confirmatory Factor Analyses of Multitrait-Multimethod Data: Many Problems and a Few Solutions

             H. W. Marsh (1989)
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              Assessing child-rearing behaviors: a comparison of ratings made by mother, father, child, and sibling on the CRPBI.

              This study of the reliability and validity of scales from the Child's Report of Parental Behavior (CRPBI) presents data on the utility of aggregating the ratings of multiple observers. Subjects were 680 individuals from 170 families. The participants in each family were a college freshman student, the mother, the father, and 1 sibling. The results revealed moderate internal consistency (M = .71) for all rater types on the 18 subscales of the CRPBI, but low interrater agreement (M = .30). The same factor structure was observed across the 4 rater types; however, aggregation within raters across salient scales to form estimated factor scores did not improve rater convergence appreciably (M = .36). Aggregation of factor scores across 2 raters yields much higher convergence (M = .51), and the 4-rater aggregates yielded impressive generalizability coefficients (M = .69). These and other analyses suggested that the responses of each family member contained a small proportion of true variance and a substantial proportion of factor-specific systematic error. The latter can be greatly reduced by aggregating scores across multiple raters.

                Author and article information

                European Journal of Psychological Assessment
                Hogrefe Publishing
                January 2009
                : 25
                : 3
                : 133-140
                [ 1 ] Centre for Parenting, Child Welfare & Disabilities, Department of Educational Sciences, K.U. Leuven, Belgium
                [ 2 ] Centre for Methodology of Educational Research, Department of Educational Sciences, K.U. Leuven, Belgium
                Author notes
                Sofie Kuppens, Centre for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, K.U.Leuven, Andreas Vesaliusstraat 2, P.O. Box 3765, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium, sofie.kuppens@ 123456ped.kuleuven.be
                Self URI (journal-page): https://econtent.hogrefe.com/loi/jpa
                Original Article


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