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      SKF-525A Does Not Inhibit Release of Endothelium-Derived Relaxing Factor from Rat Thoracic Aorta and Dog Mesenteric and Femoral Artery

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          Abstract

          SKF-525A (proadifen) inhibits endothelium-dependent relaxations induced by acetylcholine, arachidonic acid and the calcium ionophore A23187. This suggests that SKF-525A is an inhibitor of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and that EDRF may be a product of arachidonic acid metabolism formed via a cytochrome P-450-dependent pathway or that EDRF release is dependent on cytochrome P-450. We tested this postulate using both isolated rings of rat thoracic aorta and dog mesenteric and femoral artery and the perfusion-superfusion bioassay. Rings of rat thoracic aorta and dog mesenteric and femoral artery with intact endothelium were precontracted with an EC<sub>50</sub> concentration of norepinephrine (0.1 nmol/l) or U46619 (0.05 µmol/l) and the relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh), bradykinin, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) or nitroglycerin (GTN) were obtained before, 30 min after addition of, and 30 min after washout of SKF-525A (50 µmol/l). SKF-525A inhibited ACh-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of rat aortic rings and endothelium-dependent relaxation of the dog mesenteric and femoral artery produced by ACh and ATP, but did not affect relaxation to bradykinin or GTN. The inhibitory effect on SKF-525A on ACh and ATP-induced relaxation was partially reversed upon its washout from the muscle chamber. Pretreatment of the blood vessels with ibuprofen (1 µmol/l) did not attenuate SKF-525A-mediated inhibition of the relaxations to any agonist. Selective exposure of dog femoral artery (donor) to SKF-525A (50 µmol/l) for 60 min did not affect the relaxation responses of endothelium-rubbed coronary artery (bioassay tissue) to basal EDRF nor to the effluent from donor tissues stimulated with ACh (10–1,000 pmol), ATP (1–100 nmol) or bradykinin (3–100 pmol). The results show that SKF-525A exhibited a reversible inhibition of endothelium-dependent relaxation by a smooth muscle mechanism unrelated to the generation of EDRF from endothelium.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1991
          1991
          23 September 2008
          : 28
          : 6
          : 475-489
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, N.J. USA
          Article
          158894 Blood Vessels 1991;28:475–489
          10.1159/000158894
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 15
          Categories
          Research Paper

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