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Radical scavenger and antihepatotoxic activity of Ganoderma formosanum, Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Hydroxyl Radical, blood, Animals, Ascorbic Acid, pharmacology, Aspartate Aminotransferases, Carbon Tetrachloride, toxicity, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Free Radical Scavengers, Alanine Transaminase, L-Lactate Dehydrogenase, Liver, cytology, drug effects, enzymology, Male, Ocimum basilicum, chemistry, Rats, Superoxides, Water

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      The free radical scavenging and antihepatotoxic activity from Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma formosanum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum were studied. Treatment with the water extract of Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma formosanum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum caused a marked decrease in the CCl4-induced toxicity in rat liver, made evident by their effect on the levels of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum. The scavenging potency of the water extracts of the crude drugs was evaluated in terms of their ability to reduce the peaks of spin adducts using electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trapping techniques. The results indicated that Ganoderma formosanum showed the greatest antihepatotoxic activity and the greatest free radical scavenging activity.

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