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      Deleterious BRCA1/2 mutation is an independent risk factor for carboplatin hypersensitivity reactions

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          Abstract

          Background:

          We tested the hypothesis that BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with ovarian cancer are at higher risk of carboplatin hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs).

          Methods:

          Medical records of women enrolled in two carboplatin+olaparib clinical trials (NCT01237067/NCT01445418) were reviewed. A maximum of eight cycles containing carboplatin were administered.

          Results:

          All women ( N=87) had good performance status and end-organ function. Incidences of carboplatin HSR before enrolment and on study were 17% and 21%, respectively. Most patients who developed carboplatin HSR had a deleterious BRCA1/2 mutation (93%) vs 50% in patients without HSR ( P<0.0001). Multivariable analysis accounting for potential confounding variables including age, history of allergies, and cumulative prior carboplatin cycles confirmed deleterious BRCA1/2 mutation as an independent risk factor for carboplatin HSR (odds ratio 13.1 (95% confidence interval 2.6–65.4), P=0.0017). Mutation carriers had onset of carboplatin HSR at lower cumulative exposure ( P=0.003). No significant difference in outcome was observed on our study between patients with and without a history of HSR.

          Conclusion:

          Deleterious BRCA1/2 mutation increased susceptibility and shortened time to carboplatin HSR, independently of other reported factors. These data suggest that at-risk women should be counselled regarding likelihood, symptoms, and potential earlier onset of carboplatin HSRs.

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          Most cited references 21

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          Olaparib in patients with recurrent high-grade serous or poorly differentiated ovarian carcinoma or triple-negative breast cancer: a phase 2, multicentre, open-label, non-randomised study.

          Olaparib (AZD2281) is a small-molecule, potent oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor. We aimed to assess the safety and tolerability of this drug in patients without BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations with advanced triple-negative breast cancer or high-grade serous and/or undifferentiated ovarian cancer. In this phase 2, multicentre, open-label, non-randomised study, women with advanced high-grade serous and/or undifferentiated ovarian carcinoma or triple-negative breast cancer were enrolled and received olaparib 400 mg twice a day. Patients were stratified according to whether they had a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation or not. The primary endpoint was objective response rate by Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST). All patients who received treatment were included in the analysis of toxic effects, and patients who had measurable lesions at baseline were included in the primary efficacy analysis. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00679783. 91 patients were enrolled (65 with ovarian cancer and 26 breast cancer) and 90 were treated between July 8, 2008, and Sept 24, 2009. In the ovarian cancer cohorts, 64 patients received treatment. 63 patients had target lesions and therefore were evaluable for objective response as per RECIST. In these patients, confirmed objective responses were seen in seven (41%; 95% CI 22-64) of 17 patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations and 11 (24%; 14-38) of 46 without mutations. No confirmed objective responses were reported in patients with breast cancer. The most common adverse events were fatigue (45 [70%] of patients with ovarian cancer, 13 [50%] of patients with breast cancer), nausea (42 [66%] and 16 [62%]), vomiting (25 [39%] and nine [35%]), and decreased appetite (23 [36%] and seven [27%]). Our study suggests that olaparib is a promising treatment for women with ovarian cancer and further assessment of the drug in clinical trials is needed. AstraZeneca. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            Genetic risk assessment and BRCA mutation testing for breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility: recommendation statement.

              (2005)
            This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on genetic risk assessment and BRCA mutation testing for breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility, along with the supporting scientific evidence. The complete information on which this statement is based, including evidence tables and references, is included in the evidence synthesis available through the USPSTF Web site (http://www.preventiveservices.ahrq.gov). The recommendation is also posted on the Web site of the National Guideline Clearinghouse (http://www.guideline.gov).
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              BRCA1 up-regulation is associated with repair-mediated resistance to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II).

              We sought to identify novel genes associated with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP) resistance, and by differential display analysis, we found that the human breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene BRCA1 was overexpressed in CDDP-resistant MCF-7 cells. A recent report that BRCA1 and human Rad51 colocalize in S-phase cells suggests a role for BRCA1 in DNA damage repair. We hypothesized that BRCA1 plays a role in DNA damage repair-mediated CDDP resistance. In CCDP-resistant variants of breast and ovarian carcinoma cell lines, MCF-7 CDDP/R and SKOV-3 CDDP/R, we found increased levels of BRCA1 protein, and we determined that the SKOV-3 CDDP/R cell line is significantly more proficient at DNA damage repair. Antisense inhibition of BRCA1 in this cell line resulted in an increased sensitivity to CDDP, a decreased proficiency of DNA repair, and an enhanced rate of apoptosis. These data support the hypothesis that BRCA1 is a gene involved in DNA damage repair.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Br J Cancer
                Br. J. Cancer
                British Journal of Cancer
                Nature Publishing Group
                0007-0920
                1532-1827
                20 August 2013
                18 July 2013
                : 109
                : 4
                : 1072-1078
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Medical Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, MD, USA
                [2 ]Medical Research Scholars Program, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, MD, USA
                Author notes
                [3]

                These authors contributed equally to the design, execution, analysis, and writing of this project.

                Article
                bjc2013389
                10.1038/bjc.2013.389
                3749564
                23867999
                Copyright © 2013 Cancer Research UK

                From twelve months after its original publication, this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

                Categories
                Genetics and Genomics

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