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      The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain

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      Journal of Behavioral Medicine
      Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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          Abstract

          Ninety chronic pain patients were trained in mindfulness meditation in a 10-week Stress Reduction and Relaxation Program. Statistically significant reductions were observed in measures of present-moment pain, negative body image, inhibition of activity by pain, symptoms, mood disturbance, and psychological symptomatology, including anxiety and depression. Pain-related drug utilization decreased and activity levels and feelings of self-esteem increased. Improvement appeared to be independent of gender, source of referral, and type of pain. A comparison group of pain patients did not show significant improvement on these measures after traditional treatment protocols. At follow-up, the improvements observed during the meditation training were maintained up to 15 months post-meditation training for all measures except present-moment pain. The majority of subjects reported continued high compliance with the meditation practice as part of their daily lives. The relationship of mindfulness meditation to other psychological methods for chronic pain control is discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Behavioral Medicine
          J Behav Med
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          0160-7715
          1573-3521
          June 1985
          June 1985
          : 8
          : 2
          : 163-190
          Article
          10.1007/BF00845519
          3897551
          f0571748-d93b-4511-8fcb-670b2983fa9e
          © 1985

          http://www.springer.com/tdm

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