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      Relation between physical fitness and frequency of breakfast consumption among Chinese Han college students

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          Abstract

          Objective To examine the relation between physical fitness and frequency of having breakfast among Chinese Han college students so as to provide proper intervention and theoretical basis for improving college students’ physical fitness.

          Methods The data from 2014 Chinese National Survey on Students’ Constitution and Health (CNSSCH) was used. The data of 47 172 Han students were calculated, the chi-square test wasused to compare the differences of the physical fitness passing rate in different subgroups of college students. The Log-binomial model was established to assess the relation between physical fitness and breakfast consumption.

          Results The unqualified rate of physical fitness was 22.8%. Boys (24.7%), urban students (25.7%), and those who exercised less than one hour per day (23.3%) had lower physical fitness passing rates than girls (20.9%), rural students (19.9%) and those who exercised more than one hour per day (20.3%) respectively ( χ 2 = 101.38, 223.33, 32.20, P<0.01). The unqualified rate of physical fitness increased by age. The unqualified rate of physical fitness in eastern, central and western regions was 21.2%, 21.7% and 25.1% respectively. The unqualified rate of physical fitness for those with normal nutritional status (18.2%) was significantly lower than those who were underweight (26.0%) or overweight/obese (42.6%) ( χ 2 = 1 660.50, P<0.01). In this study, 53.2% of college students had breakfast every day, unqualified rate of physical fitness was higher among students with less regular consumption of breakfast ( χ 2 = 393.50, P<0.01). The Log-binomial model showed that the college students who had 35 breakfasts ( PR =1.16, 95% CI =1.11–1.20), 1–2 breakfasts ( PR =1.34, 95% CI =1.28–1.40), never had breakfast ( PR =1.43, 95% CI = 1.32–1.53) per week had higher physical fitness failure rates than those who had breakfast every day.

          Conclusion There is a significant association between physical fitness and breakfast consumption among college students. Developing the good habit of having breakfast is not only the component of healthy lifestyle but also an indispensable part to the improvement of college students, physical fitness.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解中国汉族大学生体质健康与早餐食用频率的关系, 为促进大学生体质健康提供干预方法和科学 依据。 方法 使用 2014 年全国学生体质与健康调研中47 172名汉族大学生数据, 按照《国家学生体质健康标准 (2014年 修订)»计算学生体质健康综合得分, 采用; χ 2 检验比较不同特征大学生体质健康的差异。建立 Log-binomial 模型, 探索早餐 食用频率对大学生体质健康的影响。 结果 22.8%的大学生体质健康不及格。男生 (24.7%)、城市学生 (25.7%)、每天体 育锻炼时间<1 h(23.3%)的体质健康不及格率分别髙于女生 (20.9%)、农村学生 (19.9%) 和每天体育锻炼时间 ≥1 h者 (20.3%) ( χ 2 值分别为 101.38, 223.33, 32.20, P 值均<0.01)。 大学生年龄越髙体质健康不及格率越髙 ( χ 2 =425.48, P< 0.01)。 东、中、西部学生的体质健康不及格率分别为21.2%, 21.7%和25.1% ( χ 2 = 84.83, P<0.01)。营养状况体重正常者 (18.2%)体质健康不及格率明显低于体重过低者 (26.0%) 和超重/肥胖者 (42.6%) ( χ 2 = 1 660.50, P<0.01)。 只有53.2%的 大学生每天吃早餐, 每周早餐食用次数越少, 体质健康不及格率越髙 ( χ 2 = 393.50, P <0.01)。 Log-binomial 模型结果显示, 与 每天吃早餐的学生相比, 每周吃 3∼5 次早餐 ( PR =1.16, 95% CI =1.11∼1.20)、每周吃1∼2次早餐 ( PR =1.34, 95% CI =1.28∼ 1.40)、从来不吃早餐 ( PR =1.43, 95% CI =1.32∼1.53)学生的体质健康不及格风险更髙。 结论 大学生体质健康与早餐食 用频率有关, 良好的早餐习惯是健康生活方式的组成部分, 有助于促进大学生的体质健康。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 October 2019
          01 February 2020
          : 40
          : 10
          : 1471-1474
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Public Health in Peking University, Beijing (100191), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: SONG Yi, E-mail: songyi@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.10.009
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.10.009
          f05e7db6-7465-4500-9e4a-5b697c125724
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Students,Food habits,Body constitution,Health status

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