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      Communication of Agonist-Induced Electrical Responses along ‘Capillaries’ in vitro Can Be Modulated by Lipopolysaccharide, but Not Nitric Oxide

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          Abstract

          Communication of agonist-induced membrane potential changes along blood vessels has been proposed to contribute to the coordination of microvascular function. Factors mediating septic shock may compromise this coordination. Using electrophysiology in a simplified in vitro model of endothelial cells grown as capillary-like structures, we aimed to determine (i) the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on endothelial cell membrane potential responses to ATP and KCl and (ii) the effect of LPS and nitric oxide (NO) on cell-to-cell communication. Treatment of ‘capillaries’ with LPS (10 µg/ml for 1 h) did not affect local responsiveness to ATP or KCl, but reduced cell communication by a tyrosine-kinase-dependent mechanism. Treatment of ‘capillaries’ with the NO donor DETA (100 µ M) or the NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME (100 µ M) had no effect on cell communication or the response to LPS. Endogenous NO production, stimulated by LPS + interferon-γ (100 U/ml) treatment, also had no effect on cell communication beyond that of LPS alone. We conclude that LPS, but not NO, can modulate conduction of agonist-induced electrical responses along endothelial capillary-like structures in vitro.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          2002
          October 2002
          18 September 2002
          : 39
          : 5
          : 405-413
          Affiliations
          aChild Health Research Institute, bLawson Health Research Institute and Departments of cMedical Biophysics, dPediatrics and ePhysiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont., Canada
          Article
          64519 J Vasc Res 2002;39:405–413
          10.1159/000064519
          12297703
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 7, References: 37, Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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