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      Assessment of Compliance with PEFC Forest Certification Indicators with Remote Sensing

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      Forests
      MDPI AG

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          Overlapping Public and Private Governance: Can Forest Certification Fill the Gaps in the Global Forest Regime?

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            Forest certification (eco-labeling) programs and their policy-making authority: explaining divergence among North American and European case studies

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              Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia

              In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness. Using temporally and spatially explicit village-level data on environmental and socio-economic indicators in Kalimantan (Indonesia), we evaluate the performance of the FSC-certified timber concessions compared to non-certified logging concessions. Employing triple difference matching estimators, we find that between 2000 and 2008 FSC reduced aggregate deforestation by 5 percentage points and the incidence of air pollution by 31%. It had no statistically significant impacts on fire incidence or core areas, but increased forest perforation by 4 km2 on average. In addition, we find that FSC reduced firewood dependence (by 33%), respiratory infections (by 32%) and malnutrition (by 1 person) on average. By conducting a rigorous statistical evaluation of FSC certification in a biodiversity hotspot such as Indonesia, we provide a reference point and offer methodological and data lessons that could aid the design of ongoing and future evaluations of a potentially critical conservation policy.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Forests
                Forests
                MDPI AG
                1999-4907
                December 2016
                April 16 2016
                : 7
                : 12
                : 85
                Article
                10.3390/f7040085
                f077c67f-c898-42ef-a398-aae5317ab313
                © 2016

                https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Self URI (article page): http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/7/4/85

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