Polypropylene (PP)/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) (EVOH) blends were prepared by melt blending using PP-g-MAH as a compatabilizer. The microstructure and rheological behavior of PP/EVOH blends were studied. The results showed the that EVOH particles were uniformly dispersed in the PP matrix and inhibited the mobility of PP chains. The isothermal crystallization kinetics and morphology development of PP/EVOH blends were compared with that of pure PP. It was found that the EVOH essentially acted as an effective nucleating agent for PP, which could significantly increase the nucleation rate because the EVOH molecules in PP/EVOH blends aggregated together to form interface. Therefore, the introduction of EVOH increased the overall rate of isothermal crystallization compared with pure PP, although the PP molecular chains would be hindered seriously if excessive amounts of EVOH were added. X-ray diffraction showed that pure PP and PP/EVOH blends exhibited an identical crystal structure, and the crystallinity of the PP phase in the blends was not significantly different from that of pure PP.