07 December 1998
The aim of this study was to determine if treatment with angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor antagonists (AIIRA) might decrease urinary albumin excretion and prevent glomerular enlargement and glomerulosclerosis in subtotal (5/6) nephrectomized rats. Morphometric image analysis of glomeruli was also performed in the subtotal nephrectomized rats. The nephrectomized rats were treated with ACEI (enalapril 100mg/l), AIIRA (L‐158,809 10 mg/l) or TRX (reserpine 5 mg/l, hydralazine 80 mg/l, and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg/l) and euthanized at 16 weeks after renal ablation. Treatments were started at 2 weeks (early treatment: Group I) or 8 weeks (later treatment: Group II) after the ablation. ACEI and AIIRA treatments were equally and significantly effective in limiting albuminuria and progression of glomerular sclerosis. TRX was also as effective in decreasing urinary albumin excretion and preserving the renal function as ACEI or AIIRA in Group I. The improvement of albuminuria, glomerular enlargement and sclerosis after these treatments in Group II was significantly less than that in Group I. It appears that the early treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, angiotensin II receptor antagonist or reserpine, hydralazine and hydrochlorothiazide (TRX) may prevent glomerular injury in human patients with renal hypertension. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. 11:53–62. © 1997 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.