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      Long‐term consequences of stunting in early life

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          Abstract

          This review summarizes the impact of stunting, highlights recent research findings, discusses policy and programme implications and identifies research priorities. There is growing evidence of the connections between slow growth in height early in life and impaired health and educational and economic performance later in life. Recent research findings, including follow‐up of an intervention trial in Guatemala, indicate that stunting can have long‐term effects on cognitive development, school achievement, economic productivity in adulthood and maternal reproductive outcomes. This evidence has contributed to the growing scientific consensus that tackling childhood stunting is a high priority for reducing the global burden of disease and for fostering economic development. Follow‐up of randomized intervention trials is needed in other regions to add to the findings of the Guatemala trial. Further research is also needed to: understand the pathways by which prevention of stunting can have long‐term effects; identify the pathways through which the non‐genetic transmission of nutritional effects is mediated in future generations; and determine the impact of interventions focused on linear growth in early life on chronic disease risk in adulthood.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Matern Child Nutr
          Matern Child Nutr
          10.1111/(ISSN)1740-8709
          MCN
          Maternal & Child Nutrition
          Blackwell Publishing Ltd (Oxford, UK )
          1740-8695
          1740-8709
          19 September 2011
          October 2011
          : 7
          : Suppl 3 , Consequences of Malnutrition in Early Life and Strategies to Improve Maternal and Child Diets through Targeted Fortified Products ( doiID: 10.1111/mcn.2011.7.issue-s3 )
          : 5-18
          Affiliations
          [ 1 ]Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California, USA
          Author notes
          [*] [* ]Kathryn G. Dewey, Department of Nutrition, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. E‐mail: kgdewey@ 123456ucdavis.edu
          Article
          PMC6860846 PMC6860846 6860846 MCN349
          10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00349.x
          6860846
          21929633
          f13591f2-fae2-4a69-9b3f-309b49629ab3
          © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
          Page count
          links-crossref: 0, links-pubmed: 0, Figures: 4, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 43, Pages: 14, Words: 6545
          Categories
          Original Articles
          Custom metadata
          2.0
          October 2011
          Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.7.2 mode:remove_FC converted:15.11.2019

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