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      Effect of scaling and root planing with and without adjunct use of an essential-oil-based mouthwash on whole salivary interleukin-1β levels in patients with periodontal disease: A short-term follow-up study

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          Abstract

          Objective

          The aim of the present short-term follow-up study was to assess the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) with and without adjunct use of an essential-oil-based mouthwash (EOBM) on whole salivary interleukin (IL)-1beta (β) levels in patients with periodontal disease.

          Methods

          Ninety individuals with periodontal disease were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of an EOBM twice daily for 30 days. Patients in group 2 underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of water twice daily for 30 days. Whole saliva samples were collected, and IL-1β levels were measured at baseline and after 60 days of treatment. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

          Results

          At baseline, whole salivary IL-1β levels were comparable among patients in groups 1 (135.6 ± 13.5 μg/mL) and 2 (141.2 ± 5.4 μg/mL). After 60 days of follow-up, there is a significant decrease in whole salivary IL-1β levels among patients in group 1 (10.2 ± 6.4 μg/mL) as compared to those in group 2 (56.6 ± 10.2 μg/mL) ( P < 0.01).

          Conclusion

          SRP, when performed with adjunct use of an EOBM, is more effective in reducing whole salivary IL-1β levels as compared to when SRP is performed without the use of an EOBM.

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          Author and article information

          Contributors
          Journal
          1646
          Interventional Medicine and Applied Science
          IMAS
          Akadémiai Kiadó
          2061-1617
          March 2016
          : 8
          : 1
          : 3-6
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Dental Department, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
          [2 ]Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
          [3 ]Department of Dentistry, Prince Faisal Bin Fahad Bin Abdulaziz-Sports Medicine Hospital , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
          Author notes
          [*]

          Corresponding author: Dr. Mohammed Alshehri; Dental Department, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; E-mail: dr_mzs@ 123456hotmail.com

          Article
          10.1556/1646.7.2015.00026
          5322486
          28250974
          f14e3aeb-4bb7-4ed3-bb4e-a8016c4ee2f6
          © 2016 The Authors

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Medicine,Immunology,Health & Social care,Microbiology & Virology,Infectious disease & Microbiology
          mouthwash,IL-1β,scaling and root planing,essential oil,periodontal disease

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