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      Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase and the Small GTP-Binding Protein p21Rac1 Are Involved in the Regulation of Gene Transcription by Angiotensin II

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          Abstract

          To study the role of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade and the small GTP-ase proteins in the activation of the c-fos promoter by angiotensin II (AII), transient transfection experiments were performed in CHO cells stably expressing the rat AT<sub>1A</sub> receptor. In this system AII activated ERK in 1 min and also increased the transcriptional activity of the c-fos promoter-luciferase reporter gene construct. The activation of the promoter proved to be dependent on the Ras-Raf-ERK cascade as cotransfection of expression vectors known to specifically inhibit this cascade blocked the effect of AII. Dominant-negative p21Rac1 mutant partially blocked the activation of the c-fos promoter by AII. However, activation of the c-fos promoter was independent of protein kinase C (PKC) as bisindolylmaleimide I, a specific PKC inhibitor did not block the effect of AII. These results suggest that AII activates the transcription of the c-fos through the Ras-Raf-ERK cascade. Furthermore, p21Rac1 is involved in the modulation of the c-fos promoter by AII.

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          Most cited references 21

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          Protein kinases and phosphatases: the yin and yang of protein phosphorylation and signaling.

           Tony Hunter (1995)
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            A role for Pyk2 and Src in linking G-protein-coupled receptors with MAP kinase activation.

            The mechanisms by which mitogenic G-protein-coupled receptors activate the MAP kinase signalling pathway are poorly understood. Candidate protein tyrosine kinases that link G-protein-coupled receptors with MAP kinase include Src family kinases, the epidermal growth factor receptor, Lyn and Syk. Here we show that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and bradykinin induce tyrosine phosphorylation of Pyk2 and complex formation between Pyk2 and activated Src. Moreover, tyrosine phosphorylation of Pyk2 leads to binding of the SH2 domain of Src to tyrosine 402 of Pyk2 and activation of Src. Transient overexpression of a dominant interfering mutant of Pyk2 or the protein tyrosine kinase Csk reduces LPA- or bradykinin-induced activation of MAP kinase. LPA- or bradykinin-induced MAP kinase activation was also inhibited by overexpression of dominant interfering mutants of Grb2 and Sos. We propose that Pyk2 acts with Src to link Gi- and Gq-coupled receptors with Grb2 and Sos to activate the MAP kinase signalling pathway in PC12 cells.
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              PD 098059 Is a Specific Inhibitor of the Activation of Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Kinasein Vitroandin Vivo

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                EXN
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2001
                April 2001
                11 January 2001
                : 9
                : 2
                : 142-149
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, International Nephrology Training and Research Center, Semmelweis University; Departments of bMicrobiology, and cPhysiology, and d1st Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; eHospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, and fDepartment of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colo., USA
                Article
                52605 Exp Nephrol 2001;9:142–149
                10.1159/000052605
                11150863
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, References: 53, Pages: 8
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/52605
                Categories
                Original Paper

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