Yuansheng Xie a,c , Shinichi Nishi a , Sachiko Fukase a , Hiroaki Nakamura b , Xiangmei Chen c , Naofumi Imai a , Minoru Sakatsume a , Akihiko Saito a , Mitsuhiro Ueno a , Ichiei Narita a , Toshio Yamamoto b , Fumitake Gejyo a
08 April 2004
Background: CD44 is a transmembrane glycoprotein comprising an extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail. Previous studies demonstrated that CD44 was generally restricted to lateral-basal plasma membrane (PM) of epithelial cells, whether it localized on apical PM in vivo has not been clarified. Methods: In this study, we used a gentamicin-induced acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and spontaneous recovery model in rats and two distinct antibodies, an anti-rat distal extracellular domain (OX49) of standard CD44 (CD44-OX49) and an anti-rat CD44 cytoplasmic tail (CD44CPT), to survey the localization of CD44-OX49 and CD44CPT on the PM in renal tubular epithelial cells in different recovery stages after ATN with immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron-microscopic examinations. Results: CD44-OX49 was localized not only on the lateral-basal PM in tubular epithelial cells, but also on the apical surface membrane in PCNA-positive newly regenerative tubular epithelial cells in early recovery stages after ATN. However, CD44CPT was only localized on the lateral-basal PM. The immunoelectron-microscopic results showed that CD44-OX49 localization was changed from the apical to lateral to basal surface membrane in renal tubular epithelial cells during the recovery process after ATN, finally disappearing from basal PM when normal polarized epithelial cells formed. Conclusions: These results suggest that there were two types of CD44 including CD44 without a cytoplasmic tail localizing on the apical surface membrane related to newly regenerative epithelial cells, and CD44 with a cytoplasmic tail localizing on the lateral-basal PM related to establishment of tubular epithelial cell polarity after ATN in vivo.