Blog
About

6
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Conservation of a hairpin ribozyme sequence in HIV-1 is required for efficient viral replication.

      Biology

      Virus Replication, Animals, Tumor Cells, Cultured, metabolism, genetics, RNA, Viral, RNA, Catalytic, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Molecular Sequence Data, Mice, Kinetics, Humans, physiology, HIV-1, HIV Core Protein p24, DNA, Viral, Conserved Sequence, Cell Line, Base Sequence

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We have previously described a hairpin ribozyme that targets a highly conserved sequence in the U5 region of HIV-1. To determine if escape mutations would compromise virus replication, we introduced critical mutations into the ribozyme target site of an infectious molecular clone of HIV-1MN. HIV-1 MNA has a substitution of A for G immediately 3' to the cleavage site and HIV-1 MNGC has two substitutions in the flanking sequences that are complementary to the ribozyme. In vitro studies confirmed that neither the MNA-nor the MNGC-mutated target sequence was cleaved by the ribozyme, and furthermore, the MNGC-mutated target sequence failed to bind the ribozyme. Compensatory GC substitutions in the substrate recognition domain of the ribozyme resulted in a switch of binding and cleavage specificity. Replication of both the MNA and MNGC mutant viruses was initially two to three logs lower than that of wild-type virus, but after 3 weeks, virus production rose sharply in both cultures. Nucleotide sequence of RT-PCR-amplified viral sequences obtained from virus produced at later time points revealed complete reversion of MNA or partial reversion of MNGC to wild-type genotypes. No additional mutations within the ribozyme target sequence were observed. These results indicate that mutations in this conserved ribozyme target sequence led to significant attenuation of HIV-1MN.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          8661387
          10.1006/viro.1996.0324

          Comments

          Comment on this article