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      Plagiarism: Intention more important than duplication

      Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia

      Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd

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          Abstract

          Sir, The publication by Shashok on plagiarism is very interesting.[1] I agree that the main focus of several journals and scientists at present is on verbatim and textual duplication. However, there are many other kinds of plagiarisms including figure and content plagiarism.[2] Decision on “Who should be the plagiarist?” should be carefully done. The aim in practice should be the main thing for decision. It should be noted that there are also several innocent plagiarism (without intention) and accidental plagiarism (such as error caused by the journal) that the ones who practice should not be classified as an actual plagiarist.[3] The more complex situations, such as paraphrasing without referencing and citation might be considered more serious than simple duplication.[4] These situations are difficult to diagnose. In some instances, the plagiarizing author also uses the modification of others’ figures with use of language translation without the citation at the figure and this can also be the very difficult to diagnose plagiarism.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Plagiarism.

          The theft of someone's words or thoughts--plagiarism--has long been a concern in medical literature. The phenomenon applies to unreferenced published or unpublished data that belong to someone else, including applications for grants and a publication submitted in a different language. Other acts of plagiarism are paraphrasing without crediting the source, using "blanket" references, "second-generation" references, and duplicate or repetitive publication of one's own previously published work. Does incorporating a peer reviewer's ideas constitute plagiarism? The requirement of many journals for a short list of references is problematic, as is confusion about what constitutes common knowledge. What criteria should be used for detecting plagiarism? To make an accusation of plagiarism is serious and perilous. Motivations for plagiarism are considered, and 2 striking historical examples of plagiarism are summarized. We believe that with insight into its causes and effects, plagiarism can be eliminated.
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            Authors, editors, and the signs, symptoms and causes of plagiarism

             Karen Shashok (2011)
            Plagiarism and inadequate citing appear to have reached epidemic proportions in research publication. This article discusses how plagiarism is defined and suggests some possible causes for the increase in the plagiarism disease. Most editors do not have much tolerance for text re-use with inadequate citation regardless of reasons why words are copied from other sources without correct attribution. However, there is now some awareness that re-use of words in research articles to improve the writing or “the English” (which has become a common practice) should be distinguished from intentional deceit for the purpose of stealing other authors’ ideas (which appears to remain a very rare practice). Although it has become almost as easy for editors to detect duplicate text as it is for authors to re-use text from other sources, editors often fail to consider the reasons why researchers resort to this strategy, and tend to consider any text duplication as a symptom of serious misconduct. As a result, some authors may be stigmatized unfairly by being labeled as plagiarists. The article concludes with practical advice for researchers on how to improve their writing and citing skills and thus avoid accusations of plagiarism.
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              Plagiarism: word, idea, figure, etc

              To the Editor: The recent publication by Habibzadeh and Shashok discussed the importance of direct verbatim textual plagiarism (1). Indeed, plagiarism can be found in many forms, including textual, conceptual, and figure plagiarism (2). However, it is important to realize and understand what is considered plagiarism and what is not. In medicine, the use of a concept proposed by others is very common and this might not be considered plagiarism if the author acknowledges the use by proper referencing and citation. Paraphrasing with adequate referencing and citation can also be acceptable. Many plagiarism detection tools might not be useful in detection of all forms of plagiarism but they still are a tool for detection of simple verbatim plagiarism and are better than having no tool to fight the plagiarist.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Saudi J Anaesth
                SJA
                Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                1658-354X
                0975-3125
                Jan-Mar 2012
                : 6
                : 1
                : 80
                Affiliations
                Department of Anaesthesia, Hainan Medical University, China
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Prof. Viroj Wiwanitkit, Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok, Thailand. E-mail: wviroj@ 123456yahoo.com
                Article
                SJA-6-80
                10.4103/1658-354X.93068
                3299129
                22412788
                Copyright: © Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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                Anesthesiology & Pain management

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