1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effect of Naltrexone on Feeding, Neuropeptide Y and Uncoupling Protein Gene Expression during Lactation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Neuropeptide Y increases feeding and decreases measures of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. In lactating rats, increased feeding, increased hypothalamic neuropeptide Y neuroactivity and decreased thermogenesis occur. Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist which decreases neuropeptide Y-induced feeding and reverses neuropeptide Y-induced decreases in brown adipose tissue thermogenesis. We hypothesized that opioid receptors are involved in neuropeptide Y neuroactivity during lactation. To see if naltrexone would alter feeding, neuropeptide Y gene expression in the arcuate nucleus, neuropeptide Y levels in the paraventricular nucleus, and uncoupling protein gene expression in brown adipose tissue of lactating rats, osmotic minipumps pre-filled with either 0.9% saline or naltrexone (70 µg/h) were implanted subcutaneously in 47 female Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 309 ± 5 g. Half these rats were studied on days 10–16 of lactation, and the other half were studied 7 days after lactation. After 48 h, neuropeptide Y mRNA levels and uncoupling protein mRNA levels were determined using specific cDNA probes. Neuropeptide Y peptide levels in the paraventricular nucleus were measured by radioimmunoassay. Naltrexone decreased food intake by 26% in the post-lactating rats, but had no effect on feeding in the lactating animals. Lactation resulted in significantly increased arcuate neuropeptide Y mRNA, decreased neuropeptide Y levels in the paraventricular nucleus and decreased brown adipose tissue uncoupling protein mRNA levels. Naltrexone did not influence any of these parameters. Thus, the alterations in neuropeptide Y neuroactivity and brown fat thermogenesis which occur in lactation is not altered by generalized opioid receptor blockade.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1997
          1997
          09 April 2008
          : 65
          : 4
          : 259-264
          Affiliations
          Departments of Food Science and Nutrition, Psychiatry and Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minn, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minn., USA
          Article
          127183 Neuroendocrinology 1997;65:259–264
          10.1159/000127183
          9142997
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Physiology of Hypothalamic Neurons

          Comments

          Comment on this article