Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is a disabling condition following cancer treatment. Vincristine has more neurotoxicity than other vinca alkaloid agents. This study evaluated the correlation of different doses of nefopam with antiallodynic effects in a mouse vincristine neuropathy model.
A peripheral neuropathic mouse model was made by intraperitoneal injection of vincristine (0.1 mg/kg/day; 5-day-on, 2-day-off schedule over 12 days). After the development of allodynia, mice were injected intraperitoneally with 0.9% normal saline (NS group) or various doses (10, 30, 60 mg/kg) of nefopam (Nefopam group). We examined allodynia using von Frey hairs pre-administration and at 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240 mins, and 24 hrs after drug administration. We also measured the neurokinin-1 receptor concentrations in the spinal cord to confirm the antiallodynic effect of nefopam after drug administration.
The peripheral neuropathic mouse model showed prominent mechanical allodynia. Intraperitoneal nefopam produced a clear dose-dependent increase in paw withdrawal threshold compared with pre-administration values and versus the NS group. The concentration of neurokinin-1 receptor was significantly decreased in the Nefopam group (P<0.05).