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      Young, male, road traffic victims: a systematic review of the published trauma registry literature from low and middle income countries

      review-article
      1 , * , 1 , 2 , 3
      SICOT-J
      EDP Sciences
      Trauma registry, Low and middle-income countries

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          Abstract

          Background: Trauma contributes significantly to the global burden of disease. We analysed published trauma registries to assess the demographics of those most affected in low and middle-income countries (LMICs).

          Methods: We performed a systematic review of published trauma registry studies according to PRISMA guidelines. We included published full-text articles from trauma registries in low and middle-income countries describing the demographics of trauma registry patients. Articles from military trauma registries, articles using data not principally derived from trauma registry data, articles describing patients of only one demographic (e.g. only paediatric patients), or only one mechanism of injury, trauma registry implementation papers without demographic data, review papers and conference proceedings were excluded.

          Results: The initial search retrieved 1868 abstracts of which 1324 remained after duplicate removal. After screening the abstracts, 78 full-text articles were scrutinised for their suitability for inclusion. Twenty three papers from 14 countries, including 103,327 patients, were deemed eligible and included for analysis. The median age of trauma victims in these articles was 27 years (IQR 25–29). The median percentage of trauma victims who were male was 75 (IQR 66–84). The median percentage of road traffic injuries (RTIs) as a percentage of total injuries caused by trauma was 46 (IQR 21–71).

          Conclusions: Young, male, road traffic victims represent a large proportion of the LMIC trauma burden. This information can inform and be used by local and national governments to implement road safety measures and other strategies aimed at reducing the injury rate in young males.

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          Most cited references43

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          Global burden of disease in young people aged 10-24 years: a systematic analysis.

          Young people aged 10-24 years represent 27% of the world's population. Although important health problems and risk factors for disease in later life emerge in these years, the contribution to the global burden of disease is unknown. We describe the global burden of disease arising in young people and the contribution of risk factors to that burden. We used data from WHO's 2004 Global Burden of Disease study. Cause-specific disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for young people aged 10-24 years were estimated by WHO region on the basis of available data for incidence, prevalence, severity, and mortality. WHO member states were classified into low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries, and into WHO regions. We estimated DALYs attributable to specific global health risk factors using the comparative risk assessment method. DALYs were divided into years of life lost because of premature mortality (YLLs) and years lost because of disability (YLDs), and are presented for regions by sex and by 5-year age groups. The total number of incident DALYs in those aged 10-24 years was about 236 million, representing 15·5% of total DALYs for all age groups. Africa had the highest rate of DALYs for this age group, which was 2·5 times greater than in high-income countries (208 vs 82 DALYs per 1000 population). Across regions, DALY rates were 12% higher in girls than in boys between 15 and 19 years (137 vs 153). Worldwide, the three main causes of YLDs for 10-24-year-olds were neuropsychiatric disorders (45%), unintentional injuries (12%), and infectious and parasitic diseases (10%). The main risk factors for incident DALYs in 10-24-year-olds were alcohol (7% of DALYs), unsafe sex (4%), iron deficiency (3%), lack of contraception (2%), and illicit drug use (2%). The health of young people has been largely neglected in global public health because this age group is perceived as healthy. However, opportunities for prevention of disease and injury in this age group are not fully exploited. The findings from this study suggest that adolescent health would benefit from increased public health attention. None. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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            Injuries.

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              Road Traffic Injury Is an Escalating Burden in Africa and Deserves Proportionate Research Efforts

              Changing the mindset of road users in Africa will be a challenge, says the author, but many lives are at stake.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SICOT J
                SICOT J
                sicotj
                SICOT-J
                EDP Sciences
                2426-8887
                2015
                15 June 2015
                : 1
                : ( publisher-idID: sicotj/2015/01 )
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [1 ] The MSk Lab, Imperial College London London SW7 2AZ UK
                [2 ] Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Oxford University Oxford OX1 2JD UK
                [3 ] King’s Centre for Global Health, King’s College London London WC2R 2LS UK
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: o.boughton@ 123456imperial.ac.uk
                Article
                sicotj150032 10.1051/sicotj/2015007
                10.1051/sicotj/2015007
                4849265
                27163066
                f2b22d99-321e-46ce-bd0b-1ca5b01c63ba
                © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 22 February 2015
                : 16 April 2015
                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 4, Equations: 0, References: 51, Pages: 10
                Categories
                Lower Limb
                Review Article

                trauma registry,low and middle-income countries
                trauma registry, low and middle-income countries

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