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      Development of lumbar rhythmic networks: from embryonic to neonate locomotor-like patterns in the mouse

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      Brain Research Bulletin

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Different aspects of spinal locomotor organization have been studied in the mouse during embryonic and neonatal development using in vitro preparations of isolated lumbosacral cords. The first consideration was the embryonic development of an alternating bilateral pattern. From embryonic day (E) 12, perfusion of serotonin could induce relatively synchronous lumbar bursts across the cord. Bilateral activity became progressively alternate at E15 due to the appearance of glycinergic inhibitory interactions (revealed by strychnine application). Strictly alternating patterns were expressed at E18 and were maintained after birth. In a second step, we investigated cellular properties involved in lumbar rhythmogenesis in postnatal day 0-2 preparations which displayed spontaneous locomotor-like activity. Perfusion of receptor antagonists showed the co-operative involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)- and non-NMDA-receptors for excitatory amino acids-mediated operation of locomotor networks. In a final step we investigated the localization of locomotor networks within the lumbar cord. Data obtained from preparations exhibiting spontaneous or Mg2+-free induced bursts revealed that the networks are present throughout the lumbar cord and that rhythmogenesis is distributed throughout all segmental levels.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Brain Research Bulletin
          Brain Research Bulletin
          Elsevier BV
          03619230
          November 2000
          November 2000
          : 53
          : 5
          : 711-718
          Article
          11165805
          © 2000

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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