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      Reciprocal Antagonism between MicroRNA-138 and SIRT1 and Its Implications for the Angiogenesis of Endothelial Cells

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          MicroRNAs and sirtuins are important epigenetic regulators of gene expression and both contribute significantly to postnatal vascular development. However, the crosstalk between miRNAs and sirtuins in the modulation of angiogenesis has rarely been discussed. Here, we investigated the interactions between miR-138 and sirtuins in the process of angiogenesis. We found that overexpression of miR-138 markedly suppressed the proliferation, migration, and tube-forming capacities of the endothelial cells. And, miR-138 inhibitor-treated endothelial cells showed a reversed phenotype. Furthermore, miR-138 plays a negative role in vascular development in vivo. Western blot and qPCR assays demonstrated that SIRT1 was silenced by miR-138, and a luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-138 bound to the 3′-UTR of SIRT1. The re-expression of SIRT1 alleviated miR-138-mediated suppression of angiogenesis. Furthermore, silencing SIRT1 could boost the level of miR-138. And, upon miR-138 inhibitor treatment, SIRT1 silencing no longer reduced the angiogenic ability of endothelial cells significantly. These results demonstrated that the circuitry involving miR-138 and SIRT1 may participate in vascular homeostasis and also offered the possibility of identifying a new approach in the treatment of angiogenic diseases.

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          Most cited references 55

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          Biological systems use a variety of mechanisms to maintain their functions in the face of environmental and genetic perturbations. Increasing evidence suggests that, among their roles as posttranscriptional repressors of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) help to confer robustness to biological processes by reinforcing transcriptional programs and attenuating aberrant transcripts, and they may in some network contexts help suppress random fluctuations in transcript copy number. These activities have important consequences for normal development and physiology, disease, and evolution. Here, we will discuss examples and principles of miRNAs that contribute to robustness in animal systems. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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            Precise regulation of the formation, maintenance, and remodeling of the vasculature is required for normal development, tissue response to injury, and tumor progression. How specific microRNAs intersect with and modulate angiogenic signaling cascades is unknown. Here, we identified microRNAs that were enriched in endothelial cells derived from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and in developing mouse embryos. We found that miR-126 regulated the response of endothelial cells to VEGF. Additionally, knockdown of miR-126 in zebrafish resulted in loss of vascular integrity and hemorrhage during embryonic development. miR-126 functioned in part by directly repressing negative regulators of the VEGF pathway, including the Sprouty-related protein SPRED1 and phosphoinositol-3 kinase regulatory subunit 2 (PIK3R2/p85-beta). Increased expression of Spred1 or inhibition of VEGF signaling in zebrafish resulted in defects similar to miR-126 knockdown. These findings illustrate that a single miRNA can regulate vascular integrity and angiogenesis, providing a new target for modulating vascular formation and function.
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              MicroRNA control of signal transduction.

              MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are integral elements in the post-transcriptional control of gene expression. After the identification of hundreds of miRNAs, the challenge is now to understand their specific biological function. Signalling pathways are ideal candidates for miRNA-mediated regulation owing to the sharp dose-sensitive nature of their effects. Indeed, emerging evidence suggests that miRNAs affect the responsiveness of cells to signalling molecules such as transforming growth factor-beta, WNT, Notch and epidermal growth factor. As such, miRNAs serve as nodes of signalling networks that ensure homeostasis and regulate cancer, metastasis, fibrosis and stem cell biology.

                Author and article information

                J Vasc Res
                Journal of Vascular Research
                S. Karger AG
                March 2021
                03 February 2021
                : 58
                : 2
                : 92-107
                aDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
                bDepartment of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
                Author notes
                *Zhe Dong, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Donghu Avenue 169, Wuhan 430071 (China), zn002747@whu.edu.cn
                511786 J Vasc Res 2021;58:92–107
                © 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Page count
                Figures: 7, Tables: 3, Pages: 16
                Research Article


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