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      Conocimiento y aplicación del tamizaje neonatal de cardiopatías congénitas críticas mediante el uso de oximetría de pulso Translated title: Knowledge and implementation of the neonatal screening for critical congenital heart diseases with a pulse oximetry

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          Abstract

          Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento y la aplicación de la prueba de tamizaje neonatal de las cardiopatías congénitas críticas mediante el uso de la oximetría de pulso entre diferentes médicos en el área pediátrica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y analítico, mediante encuesta sobre: el conocimiento, la capacitación y la aplicación de la prueba de tamizaje, en los médicos que atienden a recién nacidos en Cali, Colombia. Se establecieron asociaciones entre: la formación profesional, la capacitación y el conocimiento de la prueba. Se realizaron pruebas no paramétricas validando el error alfa < 5%. Resultados: 100 encuestados: 21 médicos generales o familiares, 50 pediatras, 21 residentes y 8 neonatólogos. 62% conocían la prueba de tamizaje, 19% afirmaron recibir capacitación, 24% la realizaban a todos los neonatos previo egreso siendo significativamente mayor en el grupo de pediatras. 25% conocían todas las respuestas correctas de la prueba y solo hay diferencias significativas entre los residentes de pediatría y los otros profesionales. Conclusiones: Existe un conocimiento general sobre la necesidad de realizar la detección precoz de las cardiopatías congénitas críticas en los recién nacidos por parte de los médicos, aunque no hay una adecuada capacitación sobre los aspectos fisiopatológicos que se pueden evaluar con la toma de la pulsioximetría de pulsos en las primeras 24 horas de vida.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Objective: To assess knowledge and implementation of the neonatal screening for critical congenital heart diseases by means of a pulse oximetry between several physicians in the pediatric ward. Methods: Descriptive and analytical study with a survey about knowledge, capability and implementation of screening test carried out by physicians assisting newborns in Cali, Colombia. Associations between professional training, capability and knowledge of the test were established. Nonparametric tests were conducted validating alpha error <5%. Results: 100 survey respondents: 21 general or family practitioners, 50 pediatricians, 21 residents and 8 neonatologists. 62% knew the screening test, 19% had received training, 24% conducted it on all newborns prior to admission, the pediatrician group being significantly higher. 25% know all correct answers for the test and significant differences can only be found between the pediatric residents and other physicians. Conclusions: General knowledge of the need to carry out early detection of critical congenital heart diseases exists amongst physicians, though there is no proper training about pathophysiological aspects that can be assessed with a pulse oximetry during the first 24 hours of life.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Antenatal diagnosis of heart disease.

           P Allan (2000)
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            Newborn pulse oximetry screening to detect critical congenital heart disease.

            To describe current practice and clarify provider opinion in the US with regard to newborn pulse oximetry screening (NPOx) for critical congenital heart disease.
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              Evolution of foetal echocardiography as a screening tool for prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

              Congenital cardiac anomalies are the most common anomalies, with an estimated incidence of about 4-13 per 1000 live births. Proper perinatal and neonatal management is dependent upon accurate prenatal diagnosis. Approximately 10% of foetuses with cardiac abnormalities have identified risk factors; hence, most of the anomalies occur in pregnancies without prenatal risk factors. Foetal echocardiography allows for prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease and serves as a routine screening tool for congenital heart defects. Advanced technology, has not only allowed more accurate and early detection of cardiac abnormalities but has also improved the care and outcome of selected foetuses with severe cardiac malformations or arrhythmias. It can also identify patients for in-utero cardiac interventions. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease has allowed for better counseling and preparation of families regarding the expected prenatal development of the foetus as well as the anticipated postnatal management strategy and prognosis.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rcca
                Revista Colombiana de Cardiología
                Rev. Colomb. Cardiol.
                Sociedad Colombiana de Cardiologia. Oficina de Publicaciones (Bogota, Cundinamarca, Colombia )
                0120-5633
                February 2016
                : 23
                : 6
                : 553-559
                Affiliations
                Cali Valle del Cauca orgnameCentro Médico Imbanaco Colombia
                Cali orgnameUniversidad Libre Colombia
                Article
                S0120-56332016000600553
                10.1016/j.rccar.2016.01.019

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 10, Pages: 7
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