Pasi K. Korhonen 1 , Edoardo Pozio 2 , Giuseppe La Rosa 2 , Bill C. H. Chang 1 , 3 , Anson V. Koehler 1 , Eric P. Hoberg 4 , Peter R. Boag 5 , Patrick Tan 6 , 7 , Aaron R. Jex 1 , Andreas Hofmann 1 , 8 , Paul W. Sternberg 9 , Neil D. Young 1 , Robin B. Gasser a , 1
01 February 2016
Trichinellosis is a globally important food-borne parasitic disease of humans caused by roundworms of the Trichinella complex. Extensive biological diversity is reflected in substantial ecological and genetic variability within and among Trichinella taxa, and major controversy surrounds the systematics of this complex. Here we report the sequencing and assembly of 16 draft genomes representing all 12 recognized Trichinella species and genotypes, define protein-coding gene sets and assess genetic differences among these taxa. Using thousands of shared single-copy orthologous gene sequences, we fully reconstruct, for the first time, a phylogeny and biogeography for the Trichinella complex, and show that encapsulated and non-encapsulated Trichinella taxa diverged from their most recent common ancestor ∼21 million years ago (mya), with taxon diversifications commencing ∼10−7 mya.
Trichinellosis is a globally important food-borne disease caused by roundworms of the Trichinella complex. Here the authors present genomic sequences representing all 12 recognized Trichinella species and genotypes, and reconstruct their phylogeny and biogeography.