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      The seasonal diet of Aequidens tetramerus (Cichlidae) in a small forest stream in the Machado River basin, Rondônia, Brazil Translated title: Dieta sazonal de Aequidens tetramerus (Cichlidae) em um igarapé da bacia do rio Machado, Rondônia, Brasil

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          Trophic relationships in fish communities are affected by the availability of resources, which in turn is affected by spatial and temporal variations throughout the year. The aims of this study were to characterize the diet of A. tetramerus in a streamlet in the north of Brazil and compare its composition in different hydrological seasons (wet and dry seasons). Collections were performed every two months from October 2011 to September 2012 with the aid of seine nets, hand net and fishing traps in the streamlet located in the Machado River drainage basin in the Rondônia state. Most of the specimens collected were quite small (< 40 mm) and had empty stomachs. Our results showed that A. tetramerus feeds on a wide variety of items of plant origin, such as algae, seeds and leaves, as well as items of animal origin, including bryozoans, crustaceans, fish scales, terrestrial insects and detritus. The data also indicated higher consumption of aquatic insects than other food items, suggesting a primarily insect-based diet. Items of plant and allochthonous origin were consumed more in the wet season than in the dry season, but there were no seasonal differences in the consumption of animal and autochthonous items.

          Translated abstract

          Relações tróficas das comunidades de peixes são afetadas por variações espaciais e temporais, que alteraram a disponibilidade de recursos ao longo do ano. Os objetivos deste estudo foram caracterizar a dieta de A. tetramerus no igarapé estudado, bem como comparar se a composição dos itens da dieta desta espécie dependem da estação hidrológica (período chuvoso e seco). As coletas foram realizadas bimestralmente, de Outubro de 2011 a Setembro de 2012, com auxílio de picaré, puçá e covos em um igarapé localizado na bacia do rio Machado no estado de Rondônia. A maioria dos espécimes eram pequenos (< 40 mm) e tinham estômago vazio. Observou-se que A. tetramerus se alimenta de uma grande variedade de itens de origem vegetal, como algas, sementes e folhas; e de itens de origem animal como: briozoários, crustáceos, escamas, insetos terrestres e detritos. Constatou-se que há maior consumo de insetos aquáticos, o que sugere uma dieta insetívora. Itens de origem vegetal e alóctones foram mais consumidos na estação chuvosa do que na estação seca. Não houve diferença na composição da dieta dos peixes entre as estações de seca e chuva.

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          Most cited references 44

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           J. ZAR,  JH Zar,  J Zar (1999)
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            Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary processes in East African cichlid fishes.

            Since their discovery almost one hundred years ago, the adaptive radiations of cichlid fishes in the largest East African lakes have fascinated biologists. They are a prime example of explosive speciation. Among vertebrates, these species assemblages are the most species rich and the most diverse, morphologically, ecologically and behaviorally. Recent phylogenetic analyses of molecular data and refined knowledge about the geological history of the East African lakes are throwing new light on the evolutionary history of these extraordinary fish faunas. Copyright © 1993. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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              Stomach content analysis – a review of methods and their application


                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Acta Amazonica
                Acta Amaz.
                Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (Manaus )
                December 2015
                : 45
                : 4
                : 365-372
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Rondônia Brazil
                Product Information: website


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