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      A meta-analytic review of the effectiveness of behavioural early intervention programs for children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

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      Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
      Elsevier BV

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          Synthesizing standardized mean-change measures

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            Meta-analysis of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention for children with autism.

            A systematic literature search for studies reporting effects of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention identified 34 studies, 9 of which were controlled designs having either a comparison or a control group. We completed a meta-analysis yielding a standardized mean difference effect size for two available outcome measures: change in full-scale intelligence and/or adaptive behavior composite. Effect sizes were computed using Hedges's g. The average effect size was 1.10 for change in full-scale intelligence (95% confidence interval = .87, 1.34) and .66 (95% confidence interval = .41, .90) for change in adaptive behavior composite. These effect sizes are generally considered to be large and moderate, respectively. Our results support the clinical implication that at present, and in the absence of other interventions with established efficacy, Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention should be an intervention of choice for children with autism.
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              Development of the evaluative method for evaluating and determining evidence-based practices in autism.

              Although research in autism has grown more sophisticated, the gap between research knowledge and applicability of research in real world settings has grown. There have been a number of different reviews of evidence-based practices of treatments for young children with autism. Reviews which have critically evaluated the empirical evidence have not found any treatments that can be considered evidence-based. Reasons for this shortcoming are explored, and a new method for the evaluation of empirical evidence is provided. Future uses of this evaluative method are provided as well as a discussion of how this tool might aid in narrowing the research to practice gap.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
                Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
                Elsevier BV
                17509467
                October 2010
                October 2010
                : 4
                : 4
                : 577-593
                Article
                10.1016/j.rasd.2010.01.014
                f3b19aff-6b74-4a96-9e83-03e1311ca19c
                © 2010

                http://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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