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      Response of the woodborers Monochamus carolinensis and Monochamus titillator (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to known cerambycid pheromones in the presence and absence of the host plant volatile α-pinene.

      Environmental Entomology
      Animals, Beetles, drug effects, Behavior, Animal, Female, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Insect Control, methods, Male, Monoterpenes, pharmacology, Sex Attractants

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          Abstract

          In recent years, several attractant pheromones have been identified for cerambycid beetles, including 2-(undecyloxy)-ethanol (hereafter monochamol) for Monochamus galloprovincialis (Olivier), M. alternatus Hope, and M. scutellatus (Say). This study screened eight known cerambycid pheromones or their analogues (including monochamol) as potential attractants for M. carolinensis Olivier and M. titillator (F.), in the presence and absence of the host volatile α-pinene. Monochamol attracted M. carolinensis in the presence and absence of α-pinene, whereas M. titillator was only attracted to the combination of monochamol and α-pinene. (2R*,3R*)-2,3-Hexanediol also attracted both M. carolinensis and M. titillator, but only in the presence of α-pinene. Subsequent coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-electroantennogram detection analyses of extracts of volatiles collected from both sexes demonstrated that male M. carolinensis and M. titillator release monochamol, and that antennae of males and females of both species detect it. These results indicate that monochamol is a male-produced pheromone for both M. carolinensis and M. titillator.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          23321107
          3763951
          10.1603/EN12185

          Chemistry
          Animals,Beetles,drug effects,Behavior, Animal,Female,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,Insect Control,methods,Male,Monoterpenes,pharmacology,Sex Attractants

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