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      Molecular characterization of three novel intergenotype norovirus GII recombinant strains from western India

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      Virus Research

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          The phenomenon of recombination has been widely described among noroviruses (NoVs) in the past few years. In a NoV surveillance study conducted in western India, 3 novel and 3 known combinations of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and capsid genes were identified in genogroup (G) II NoV strains. The present study pertains to the characterization of three novel intergenotype NoV GII recombinant strains. RT-PCRs were carried out for the amplification of nearly complete RdRp and complete capsid genes spanning ORF1/2 overlap of three strains followed by sequencing of the amplicons. The recombination event was confirmed by phylogenetic analysis using Bayesian MCMC approach, SimPlot analysis and Maximum chi(2) method. Three novel intergenotype (GII) recombinations of GII.b/GII.18, GII.1/GII.12 and GII.3/GII.13 specificities were identified respectively in the strains PC03, PC24 and PC25 for the first time. The breakpoint in the novel recombinants was placed in the vicinity of the 20 bp ORF1/2 overlap, a common hotspot known to exist in NoV recombinants. The capsid genes of all of the 3 recombinants were closely related to their counter parts in reference strains however, a high degree of variation emerged in the polymerase genes especially of PC24 and PC25 in comparison to the reference strains. (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Virus Research
          Virus Research
          Elsevier BV
          01681702
          February 2010
          February 2010
          : 147
          : 2
          : 242-246
          Article
          10.1016/j.virusres.2009.11.007
          19941918
          © 2010

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