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      Growth Hormone Axis in Cushing’s Syndrome

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          Abstract

          All levels of the growth hormone (GH), GH binding protein (GHBP), insulinlike growth factor (IGF) and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) axis are influenced by chronic hypercortisolism. Thus, there is a blunted response to GHRH alone or together with other stimuli associated with a marked suppression of endogenous GH secretion but accompanied by normal GHBP, normal to low IGF-1 and GHBPs 1 and 3 with the correspondent 41.5 and 38.5-kD molecular forms of the latter presenting values similar to normal. These findings may suggest enhanced GH sensitivity with normal or increased IGF-1 bioavailability to the correspondent tissue receptors. In conclusion, the glucocorticoid (GC)-induced target tissue resistance can neither be attributed to the suppression of the GH axis nor to changes in circulating GHBPs 1 and 3. However, it may be related either to the described 12- to-20-kD inhibitor(s) which antagonizes postbinding IGF-1 bioactivity (gene expression) and/or by the downmodulation of activator protein-1 (Fos/Jun) activity by the GC-GC receptor complex.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6280-5
          978-3-318-00020-7
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1996
          1996
          09 December 2008
          : 45
          : 1-2
          : 99-107
          Affiliations
          aEndocrine Service, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil bDivision of Endocrinology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
          Article
          184767 Horm Res 1996;45:99–107
          10.1159/000184767
          8742127
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Session 4: Recent Advances

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