Problem solving has been defined as “a goal-directed sequence of cognitive and affective operations as well as behavioural responses to adapting to internal or external demands or challenges. Studies have shown that some nurses lack rational thinking and decision-making ability to identify patients’ health problems and make clinical judgements, and have poor cognition and response to some clinical problems, easy to fall into problem-solving dilemma. This study aimed to understand the influencing factors of clinical nurses’ problem solving dilemma, to provide a basis for developing training strategies and improving the ability of clinical nurses in problem solving.
A qualitative research was conducted using in-depth interviews from August 2020 to December 2020. A total of 14 participants from a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China were recruited through purposive sampling combined with a maximum variation strategy. Data were analysed with the conventional content analysis method.
Three themes and seven subthemes were extracted: nurse’s own factors (differences in knowledge structure and thinking, differences in professional values, poor strain capacity); improper nursing management (low sense of organizational support, contradiction between large workload and insufficient manpower allocation); patient factors (the concept of emphasizing medicine and neglecting to nurse, individual differences of patients).
The influencing factors of clinical nurses’ problem-solving dilemma are diverse. Hospital managers and nursing educators should pay attention to the problem-solving of clinical nurses, carry out a series of training and counselling of nurses by using the method of situational simulation, optimize the nursing management mode, learn to use new media technology to improve the credibility of nurses to provide guarantee for effective problem-solving of clinical nurses.