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      Mechanotransduction in Endothelial Cells: Temporal Signaling Events in Response to Shear Stress

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          Abstract

          Fluid shear stress is one of the most important mechanical forces acting upon vascular endothelium, because of its location at the interface between the bloodstream and vascular wall. Recent evidence indicates that several intracellular signaling events are stimulated in endothelial cells in response to shear stress. Through these events, shear stress modulates endothelial cell function and vascular structure, but the molecular basis of shear stress mechanotransduction remains to be elucidated. In our research we have focused on three temporal signal responses to shear stress: (1) production of nitric oxide (NO) as an immediate response; (2) activation of extracellular-regulated kinases (ERK1/2; p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases) as a rapid response, and (3) tyrosine phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) as a sustained response. In terms of vessel biology, NO production, and ERK1/2 and FAK activation seem to be correlated with vascular homeostasis, gene expression and cytoskeletal rearrangement, respectively. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms that establish the temporal order of shear stress-stimulated responses based on a hierarchy for assembly of signal transduction molecules at the cell plasma membrane.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1997
          1997
          24 September 2008
          : 34
          : 3
          : 212-219
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Wash., USA
          Article
          159225 J Vasc Res 1997;34:212–219
          10.1159/000159225
          9226303
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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          Pages: 8
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