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      Acceptance and Rejection of Pets and Parasocial Others Cause Corresponding Changes in the Self's Perceived Relational Value

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      Self and Identity

      Informa UK Limited

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          Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain.

          Our ability to have an experience of another's pain is characteristic of empathy. Using functional imaging, we assessed brain activity while volunteers experienced a painful stimulus and compared it to that elicited when they observed a signal indicating that their loved one--present in the same room--was receiving a similar pain stimulus. Bilateral anterior insula (AI), rostral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), brainstem, and cerebellum were activated when subjects received pain and also by a signal that a loved one experienced pain. AI and ACC activation correlated with individual empathy scores. Activity in the posterior insula/secondary somatosensory cortex, the sensorimotor cortex (SI/MI), and the caudal ACC was specific to receiving pain. Thus, a neural response in AI and rostral ACC, activated in common for "self" and "other" conditions, suggests that the neural substrate for empathic experience does not involve the entire "pain matrix." We conclude that only that part of the pain network associated with its affective qualities, but not its sensory qualities, mediates empathy.
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            Basking in reflected glory: Three (football) field studies.

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              Cyberostracism: Effects of being ignored over the Internet.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Self and Identity
                Self and Identity
                Informa UK Limited
                1529-8868
                1529-8876
                October 03 2014
                November 03 2014
                : 14
                : 2
                : 233-251
                Article
                10.1080/15298868.2014.976253
                © 2014

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