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      AGRUPACIÓN FUNCIONAL DE ESPECIES VEGETALES PARA LA RESTAURACIÓN ECOLÓGICA DE ECOSISTEMAS DE MONTAÑA, BOGOTA, COLOMBIA Translated title: Functional grouping of plant species for the ecological restoration of mountain ecosystems, Bogotá, Colombia


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          Resumen Los ecosistemas de montaña están sometidos a diversos factores de perturbación que requieren el desarrollo de procesos de restauración ecológica, orientados a su recuperación estructural y funcional. En este estudio se analizaron los atributos funcionales de las especies vegetales de ocho especies vegetales incorporadas en áreas piloto de investigación en restauración ecológica presentes en Bogotá. Se registró el área foliar (AF), área foliar específica (AFE), contenido foliar de materia seca (CFMS), densidad de madera (dB), altura máxima (Hmax) y hábito de crecimiento de Ageratina aristei, Abatia parviflora, Baccharis latifolia, Myrcianthes leucoxyla, Solanum oblongifolium, Vallea stipularis, Viburnum triphyllum y Xylosma spiculifera. Se encontraron tres grupos funcionales, los cuales presentan características de especies exclusivamente adquisitivas o adquisitiva-conservativa, lo que sugiere diferentes mecanismo y estrategias y mecanismos de adaptación a las condiciones de recuperación de las áreas perturbadas.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract Mountain ecosystems are subject to various factors of disturbance, therefore different ecological restoration processes should be developed for achieving their structural and functional recovery. In this study, we analyzed the functional attributes of eight plant species used in ecological restoration research areas in Bogotá. Leaf area (AF), leaf area of dry matter (CFMS), wood density (dB), maximum height (Hmax) and growth habit of Ageratina aristei, Abatia parviflora, Baccharis latifolia, Myrcianthes leucoxyla, Solanum oblongifolium, Vallea stipularis, Viburnum triphyllum and Xylosma spiculifera were quantified. Three plant functional groups were found with exclusive characteristics of acquisitive or acquisitive-conservative species, suggesting different mechanisms and strategies of adaptation for the recovery of disturbed areas.

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          Most cited references38

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          Wood performs several essential functions in plants, including mechanically supporting aboveground tissue, storing water and other resources, and transporting sap. Woody tissues are likely to face physiological, structural and defensive trade-offs. How a plant optimizes among these competing functions can have major ecological implications, which have been under-appreciated by ecologists compared to the focus they have given to leaf function. To draw together our current understanding of wood function, we identify and collate data on the major wood functional traits, including the largest wood density database to date (8412 taxa), mechanical strength measures and anatomical features, as well as clade-specific features such as secondary chemistry. We then show how wood traits are related to one another, highlighting functional trade-offs, and to ecological and demographic plant features (growth form, growth rate, latitude, ecological setting). We suggest that, similar to the manifold that tree species leaf traits cluster around the 'leaf economics spectrum', a similar 'wood economics spectrum' may be defined. We then discuss the biogeography, evolution and biogeochemistry of the spectrum, and conclude by pointing out the major gaps in our current knowledge of wood functional traits.
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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Colombia Forestal
                Colomb. for.
                Proyecto Curricular de Ingeniería Forestal, Facultad del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas. (Bogotá, Distrito Capital, Colombia )
                June 2018
                : 21
                : 1
                : 5-17
                [1] Bogotá orgnameJardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino Mutis Colombia mvasquez@ 123456jbb.gov.co
                [2] Bogotá orgnameJardín Botánico de Bogotá José Celestino Mutis Colombia jsolorza@ 123456jbb.gov.co

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                : 28 August 2017
                : 03 April 2017
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 49, Pages: 13

                SciELO Colombia

                contenido foliar,densidad de madera.,wood density.,altura máxima,área foliar específica,leaf content,functional attribute,atributo funcional,specific foliar area,maximum height


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