Objective To determine health risk behaviors related to accidental injury of adolescent in Jiangxi province, and to provide a peference for taking targeted measures to prevent the occurence of adolescent，s risk behaviors.
Methods By using the cluster stratified sampling, students of grade one and grade two from 10 classes in 5 middle schools in Nanchang city and from 1 middle school in Wuyuan county were selected. Health risk behaviors were investigated through questionnaire survey and were compared within the two areas.
Results Regarding to safety, the rates of never or rarely wearing a helmet when riding a bicycle during the past 12 months, never or rarely wearing a seat belt, text or E-mail while driving a vehicle and in a physical fight were very high. In Wuyuan county, 35.2% of the students have ever tried cigarette smoking, 51.5% of the students have had at least one drink of alcohol, 4.0% of the students have ever had sexual intercourse, 32.7% of the students describe their weight as slightly or very overweight, 49.1% of the students trying to lose weight. After standardized, the rate of health risk behaviors in Nanchang city was higher than that in Wuyuan county.
Conclusion There are more health-risk behaviors found among middle school students in Nanchang than in Wuyuan county.The targeted measures should be taken to develop healthy behavior habits of the students to effectively reduce its occurence.
【摘要】目的 了解江西省南昌市和婺源县髙中生各类健康危险行为的流行现状，为有针对性地预防青少年危险行 为的发生提供参考依据。 方法 采取多阶段分层随机整群抽样的方法，抽取南昌市5所中学髙一、髙二年级10个班级的 髙中生;采用整群抽样的方法，抽取婺源县1所中学全体髙一、髙二学生作为研究对象，分别描述2个地区的髙中生健康危 险行为流行现状，并进行比较。 结果 在造成髙中生伤害的行为中，过去12个月中骑自行车的时候从不或很少戴头盔（婺 源县56.6%，南昌58.6%) 、乘坐别人开的车的时候从不或很少系安全带（婺源县48.7%，南昌39.7%) 、边发信息边骑车（婺 源县13.5%，南昌9.4%) 和打架（婺源县10.2%，南昌10.0%) 的报告率较髙。婺源县髙中生有35.2%曾经吸烟，51.5%曾经 饮酒，4.0%发生过性行为，32.7%认为自己微胖或超重，49.1%准备减肥，南昌市髙中生大部分健康危险行为报告率髙于婺 源县。不同性别、不同类型学校学生多数健康危险行为报告率差异有统计学意义 ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 南昌市髙中生多 数健康危险行为报告率髙于婺源县。应采取有针对性的措施引导学生树立健康的行为习惯，以有效减少健康危险行为的发生。