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      Sterically Inhomogenous Viscoelastic Behavior of Human Saccular Cerebral Aneurysms

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          Abstract

          To clarify the mechanism leading to the development and rupture of intracranial aneurysms, tensile strength and viscoelastic parameters of 22 human saccular aneurysms were investigated. Meridional and circumferential strips from the thin and the thick part of the aneurysm sack and 18 control strips from the basilar artery of 8 patients with pathologies not affecting the cerebral arterial system were studied. The length of the strips was increased in 200-µm steps, while distending force was recorded. Tensile strength and viscoelastic parameters were computed. In both directions, tensile strength of thick strips was significantly lower than that of controls. In the meridional direction, tensile strength of thin strips was significantly larger than that of thick ones (14.5 ± 4.1 × 10<sup>6</sup> vs. 7.5 ± 2.0 × 10<sup>6</sup> dyn/cm<sup>2</sup>, p < 0.05). In the circumferential direction, thin strips tore at lower strain values than thick ones (29 ± 4 vs. 55 ± 16%, p < 0.05). Viscoelastic parameters changed in parallel. In circumferential direction, values of thick and thin strips were significantly lower than those of controls. In the meridional direction, values of thin strips were significantly higher than those of the thick ones. These observations show that characteristic mechanical deterioration and steric inhomogeneities accompany the loss of smooth muscle cells and the derangement of connective tissue elements in the wall of intracranial aneurysms, which may explain certain steps in their initiation, enlargement and rupture.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1998
          October 1998
          28 October 1998
          : 35
          : 5
          : 345-355
          Affiliations
          a Clinical Research Department, Second Institute of Physiology, Semmelweis University of Medicine, b National Institute of Neurosurgery, c HHDF Central Military Hospital, and d Department of Numerical Analysis, Eötvös L. University, Budapest, Hungary
          Article
          25604 J Vasc Res 1998;35:345–355
          10.1159/000025604
          9789115
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 9, Tables: 2, References: 40, Pages: 11
          Categories
          Research Paper

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