Although it is routinely acknowledged that cognitive rehabilitation therapy comprises a major part of the services provided to survivors of brain injury, there continues to be no general consensus regarding the methods and training of those who provide cognitive rehabilitation services. This survey of 398 head-injury rehabilitation facilities includes information on which disciplines are providing and supervising cognitive rehabilitation therapy, which therapy formats are used, and a first attempt to define the costs and providers for cognitive therapy staff training in Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) approved and other (non-CARF) facilities. The education and training of junior and senior staff members is compared, and respondents suggest changes in the education and training of those who provide cognitive rehabilitation therapy. The results of this survey suggest no significant differences in the organization and delivery of cognitive rehabilitation therapy in CARF and non-CARF programmes. They indicate that cognitive rehabilitation therapy and the education and training of providers deserve further study and definition, given the widespread provision of cognitive rehabilitative services.